Historien

Edsall I DD- 219 - Historie


Edsall I

Norman Eckley Edsall født 3. juni 1873 i Columbus, KY., Meldte sig til søværnet 27. juni 1898. Mens han tjente i Philadelphia, gik sømand Edsall i land med et landingsfest den 1. april 1899 for at undertrykke fjendtlige indfødte nær Apia, Samoa. Han blev dræbt i forsøget på at føre sin sårede kommandør i sikkerhed og begraves på Samoa.

(DD-219: dp. 1.190; 1. 314'5 "; b. 31'9"; dr. 9'3 "; s. 35 k .;
cpl. 101; en. 4 4 ", 1 3", 12 21 "tt .; cl. Clemson)

Den første Edsall (DD-219) blev lanceret 29. juli 1920 af William Cramp og Sons, Philadelphia, Pa .; sponsoreret af fru Bessie Edsal, l Bracey, søster til sømand Edsall, og bestilt den 26. november 1920, kommandør A. H. Rice i kommando.

Edsall sejlede fra Philadelphia 6. december 1920 til San Diego på shakedown. Hun ankom til San Diego 11. januar 1921 og forblev på vestkysten indtil december og deltog i kamppraksis og kanonøvelser med flådeenheder. Da han vendte tilbage til Charleston, SC, 28. december, blev Edsall beordret til Middelhavet og forlod den 26. maj 1922.

Ved ankomsten til Konstantinopel 28. juni sluttede Edsall sig til US Naval Detachment i tyrkiske farvande for at beskytte amerikanske liv og interesser. Nærøsten var i uro med borgerlige stridigheder i Rusland og Grækenland i krig med Tyrkiet.

Hun gjorde meget for de internationale forbindelser ved at hjælpe nationer med at lindre hungersnød i efterkrigstiden i Østeuropa, evakuere flygtninge, indrette et kommunikationscenter for Nærøsten og alt imens stå i nødstilfælde. Da tyrkerne satte ild til Smyrna (Izmir), var Edsall en af ​​de amerikanske destroyere, der evakuerede tusinder af grækere. Den 14. september 1922 tog hun 607 flygtninge fra Litchfield (DD-336) i Smyrna og transporterede dem til Salonika og vendte tilbage til Smyrna 16. september for at fungere som flagskib for flådestyrkerne der. I oktober transporterede hun flygtninge fra Smyrna til Mytilene på Lesvosis. Hun foretog gentagne besøg i havne i Tyrkiet, Bulgarien, Rusland, Grækenland Egypten, Palæstina, Syrien, Tunesien, Dalmatien og Italien, men formåede alligevel at fortsætte skytte- og torpedopraktik med sine søstre, indtil hun vendte tilbage til Boston til eftersyn 26. juli 1924.

Edsall sejlede til den asiatiske station 3. januar 1925 og sluttede sig til kamppraksis og manøvrer ved Guantanamo Bay, San Diego og Pearl Harbor, inden han ankom Shanghai den 22. juni. Hun skulle blive fast inventar af den asiatiske flåde på Kinas kyst, i Filippinerne og Japan. Hendes primære pligt var beskyttelse af amerikanske interesser i Fjernøsten, der konstant voksede siden erhvervelsen af ​​Filippinerne. Hun var trofast værge gennem borgerkrig i Kina og den kinesisk-japanske krig. Kamppraksis, manøvrer og diplomati tog hende oftest til Shanghai, Chefoo, Hankow, Hong Kong, Nanking, Kobe, Bangkok og Manila.

Da japanerne angreb Pearl Harbor 7. december 1941, forberedte Edsall sig til handling med DesDiv 57 ved den sydøstlige Borneo -oliehavn i Balikpapan. Hun løb til Singapore, gik i gang med en britisk forbindelsesofficer og fire mænd for at lede efter overlevende fra HMS Prince of Wales og HMS Repulse, sænket af Malaya den 10.. Hun opsnappede en japansk fisketrawler med fire små både på slæb og eskorterede dem til Singapore. Hun sluttede sig til Houston (CA-30) i Surabaya for at eskortere skibsfarten til den relative sikkerhed i Darwin, Australien. Mens hun tjente, blev hun den første amerikanske destroyer til at sænke en fjendtlig ubåd i fuld størrelse i Anden Verdenskrig. Med tre australske korvetter sendte Edsall I-124 til bunden den 20. januar 1942 ud for Darwin

Da hun fortsatte med at eskortere konvojer i et kapløb med tiden, blev Edsall beskadiget, da en af ​​hendes egne dybdeladelser eksploderede for tidligt under et angreb mod ubåd 19. februar 1942. Hun fortsatte gamely med at operere ud for Java, derefter den 26. februar dampede han fra Tjilatjap for at mødes med Langley ( AV-3). Den 27., vandflytilbuddet og ledsagere Edsall og Whipple (DD-217) blev angrebet af ni store dobbeltmotorede bombefly, som skadede den historiske Langley så hårdt, at hun måtte opgives. Edsall hentede 177 overlevende, Whipple 308. Den 28. mødtes de to destroyere med Pecos (AO-6) ud for Flying Fish Cove, Christmas Island. Flere japanske bombefly tvang Edsall til at forlade, før de overførte alle Langley -mænd, men hun afsluttede jobbet den 1. marts og tog derefter tilbage til Tjilatjap. Hun kom aldrig Den galante gamle firepiper kæmpede en håbløs aktion mod japanske slagskibe Hiei og Kirishima, der sank hende om eftermiddagen den 1. marts 1942.

Edsall modtog to slagstjerner for Anden Verdenskrigs tjeneste.


Edsall I DD- 219 - Historie

Krampe skibsbygning
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Senket 1. marts 1942 i aktion med japanske slagskibe Hiei og Kirishima,
krydsere Chikuma og Tone og fly fra luftfartsselskaberne Hiryu, Soryu og Kaga.

Beliggenhed: Java Sea, 240 miles syd for øst fra Christmas Island.
(13.45S-106.45E)

152 mænd mistede, ingen overlevende. (5 mænd blev hentet af Chikuma og senere henrettet.)
(Æresrulle)

Edsall sejlede fra Philadelphia 6. december 1920 til San Diego på shakedown. Hun ankom til San Diego 11. januar 1921 og forblev på vestkysten indtil december og deltog i kamppraksis og kanonøvelser med flådeenheder. Tilbage til Charleston, S.C., 28. december, Edsall blev beordret til Middelhavet og forlod den 26. maj 1922.

Ankommer til Konstantinopel 28. juni, Edsall sluttede sig til US Naval Detachment i Turkish Waters for at beskytte amerikanske liv og interesser. Nærøsten var i uro med borgerlige stridigheder i Rusland og Grækenland i krig med Tyrkiet.

Hun gjorde meget for de internationale forbindelser ved at hjælpe nationer med at lindre hungersnød i efterkrigstiden i Østeuropa, evakuere flygtninge, indrette et kommunikationscenter for Nærøsten og alt imens stå i nødstilfælde. Da tyrkerne satte ild til Smyrna (Izmir), Edsall var en af ​​de amerikanske destroyere, der evakuerede tusinder af grækere. Den 14. september 1922 tog hun 607 flygtninge afsted Litchfield (DD-336) i Smyrna og transporterede dem til Salonika og vendte tilbage til Smyrna 16. september for at fungere som flagskib for flådestyrkerne der. I oktober transporterede hun flygtninge fra Smyrna til Mytilene på Lesvosis. Hun foretog gentagne besøg i havne i Tyrkiet, Bulgarien, Rusland, Grækenland, Egypten, Palæstina, Syrien, Tunesien, Dalmatien og Italien, men formåede alligevel at fortsætte skytte- og torpedopraktik med sine søstre, indtil hun vendte tilbage til Boston til eftersyn 26. juli 1924 .

Edsall sejlede til den asiatiske station 3. januar 1925, deltog i kamppraksis og manøvrer ved Guantanamo Bay, San Diego og Pearl Harbor, inden de ankom Shanghai, 22. juni. Hun skulle blive fast inventar af den asiatiske flåde på Kinas kyst, i Filippinerne og Japan. Hendes primære pligt var beskyttelse af amerikanske interesser i Fjernøsten, der konstant voksede siden erhvervelsen af ​​Filippinerne. Hun var trofast værge gennem borgerkrig i Kina og den kinesisk-japanske krig. Kamppraksis, manøvrer og diplomati tog hende oftest til Shanghai, Chefoo, Hankow, Hong Kong, Nanking, Kobe, Bangkok og Manila.

Da japanerne angreb Pearl Harbor 7. december 1941 Edsall klar til handling med DesDiv 57 ved den sydøstlige Borneo oliehavn i Balikpapan. Hun løb til Singapore, gik i gang med en britisk forbindelsesofficer og fire mænd for at lede efter overlevende fra HMS Prins af Wales og HMS Afvise, sænket sig fra Malaya den 10. Hun opsnappede en japansk fisketrawler med fire små både på slæb og eskorterede dem til Singapore. Hun sluttede sig til Houston (CA-30) i Surabaya for at eskortere skibsfarten til den relative sikkerhed i Darwin, Australien. Mens hun tjente, blev hun den første amerikanske destroyer til at sænke en fjendtlig ubåd i fuld størrelse i Anden Verdenskrig. Med tre australske korvetter, Edsall sendt I-124 til bunds den 20. januar 1942 ved Darwin.

Fortsætter med at eskortere konvojer i et kapløb med tiden, Edsall blev beskadiget, da en af ​​hendes egne dybdeladninger eksploderede for tidligt under et angreb mod ubåde 19. februar 1942. Hun fortsatte med at operere ud for Java, derefter dampede den 26. februar fra Tjilatjap til stævne med Langley (AV-3). Den 27., vandflytilbuddet og ledsagere Edsall og Whipple (DD-217) blev angrebet af ni store dobbeltmotorede bombefly, der beskadigede det historiske Langley så slemt måtte hun opgives. Edsall hentede 177 overlevende, Whipple 308. Den 28. mødtes de to destroyere med Pecos (AO-6) ud for Flying Fish Cove, Christmas Island. Flere japanske bombefly tvunget Edsall at forlade, før du overfører alt Langley mænd, men hun afsluttede jobbet den 1. marts og tog derefter tilbage til Tjilatjap. Hun ankom aldrig. Den galante gamle firepiber kæmpede en håbløs aktion mod japanske slagskibe Hiei og Kirishima, der sank hende om eftermiddagen den 1. marts 1942.


USS Edsall (i) (DD 219)

Omkring 1800 timer den 1. marts 1942 de japanske slagkrydsere Hiei og Kirishima og tunge krydsere Chikuma og Tone engagere den beskadigede USS Edsall (Lt.Cdr. Joshua James Nix, USN) med skud. De japanske skibe affyrer over 1300 runder mod Edsall og scorer kun to hits. Der anmodes om et luftangreb på Edsall af de nærliggende luftfartsselskaber.

Soryu lancerer ni dykkerbombefly og Akagi otte. Flyet ramte Edsall med 550lb og 1100lb bomber og satte hende i brand. Til sidst går Edsall død i vandet. Den tunge krydser Chikuma flytter ind og ødelægger den stationære Edsall med 6 "skud.

Omkring 1900 timer glider Edsall under bølgerne i position 13º45'S, 106º47'E.

Kommandoer opført til USS Edsall (i) (DD 219)

Bemærk, at vi stadig arbejder på dette afsnit.

KommandørFraTil
1Abel Charles Jules Sabalot, USN9. maj 193924. maj 1940
2Edwin Mason Crouch, USN24. maj 194013. oktober 1941 (1)
3Lt. Joshua James Nix, USN13. oktober 19412. marts 1942

Du kan hjælpe med at forbedre vores kommandosektion
Klik her for at indsende begivenheder/kommentarer/opdateringer til dette fartøj.
Brug dette, hvis du opdager fejl eller ønsker at forbedre denne skibsside.

Bemærkelsesværdige begivenheder, der involverer Edsall (i), omfatter:

20. januar 1942
EDSALL, ALDEN, og tre RAN-korvetter, KATOOMBA, DELORAINE, og LITHGOW kombineres for at synke den japanske KRS-klasse minelagende ubåd I-124 ud for Port Darwin, Australien, efter at suben angreb skibe, der kom ind i havnen.

9 februar 1942
Omkring 0800 timer fik HrMs De Ruyter (Cdr. EEB Lacomblé, RNN og flagskib for kontreadmiral KWFM Doorman, RNN) og HrMs Tromp (Cdr. JB de Meester, RNN) følgeskab af otte amerikanske destroyere USS Whipple (Lt.Cdr .ES Karpe, USN), USS Pillsbury (Lt.Cdr. HC Pound, USN), USS Edsall (Lt.Cdr. JJ Nix, USN), USS Alden (Lt.Cdr. LE Coley, USN), USS Stewart (Lt. .Cdr. HP Smith, USN), USS John D. Edwards (Lt.Cdr. HE Eccles, USN), USS Barker (Lt.Cdr. AJ Miller, USN) og USS Bulmer (Lt.Cdr. DA Harris, USN) .

Kl. 1700 sluttede også de hollandske destroyere HrMs Piet Hein (Lt.Cdr. J.M.L.I. Chompff, RNN), HrMs Banckert (Lt.Cdr. L.J. Goslings, RNN) og HrMs Van Ghent (Lt.Cdr. P. Schotel, RNN) sig til. Van Ghent udviklede motorproblemer og blev senere erstattet af HrMs Kortenaer (Lt.Cdr. A. Kroese, RNN). (Efter reparationer sluttede Van Ghent sig igen til taskforcen den 11.)

Omkring 2130 timer blev de amerikanske destroyere USS Edsall og USS Alden løsrevet og sendt til Tjilatjap. (2)

27 februar 1942
Den 27. februar 1942 hentede hun 177 overlevende fra flytransporten USS Langley, som blev beskadiget af japanske fly. Hun sænkede derefter Langley med torpedoer og skud. Den næste dag gik de overlevende fra Langley ombord på oliereren USS Pecos. Edsall tog derefter tilbage til Tjilatjap, men hun nåede det aldrig. (3)

Media links


DD-219 Edsall

Den første Edsall (DD-219) blev lanceret 29. juli 1920 af William Cramp og Sons, Philadelphia, Pa. Sponsoreret af fru Bessie Edsal, l Bracey, søster til sømand Edsall, og bestilt den 26. november 1920, kommandør A. H. Rice i kommando.

Edsall sejlede fra Philadelphia 6. december 1920 til San Diego på shakedown. Hun ankom til San Diego 11. januar 1921 og forblev på vestkysten indtil december og deltog i kamppraksis og kanonøvelser med flådeenheder. Da han vendte tilbage til Charleston, SC, 28. december, blev Edsall beordret til Middelhavet og forlod den 26. maj 1922.

Ved ankomsten til Konstantinopel 28. juni sluttede Edsall sig til US Naval Detachment i tyrkiske farvande for at beskytte amerikanske liv og interesser. Nærøsten var i uro med borgerlige stridigheder i Rusland og Grækenland i krig med Tyrkiet.

Hun gjorde meget for de internationale forbindelser ved at hjælpe nationer med at lindre hungersnød i efterkrigstiden i Østeuropa, evakuere flygtninge, indrette et kommunikationscenter for Nærøsten og alt imens stå i nødstilfælde. Da tyrkerne satte ild til Smyrna (Izmir), var Edsall en af ​​de amerikanske destroyere, der evakuerede tusinder af grækere. Den 14. september 1922 tog hun 607 flygtninge fra Litchfield (DD-336) i Smyrna og transporterede dem til Salonika og vendte tilbage til Smyrna 16. september for at fungere som flagskib for flådestyrkerne der. I oktober transporterede hun flygtninge fra Smyrna til Mytilene på Lesvosis. Hun foretog gentagne besøg i havne i Tyrkiet, Bulgarien, Rusland, Grækenland Egypten, Palæstina, Syrien, Tunesien, Dalmatien og Italien, men formåede alligevel at fortsætte skytte- og torpedopraktik med sine søstre, indtil hun vendte tilbage til Boston til eftersyn 26. juli 1924.

Edsall sejlede til den asiatiske station 3. januar 1925 og sluttede sig til kamppraksis og manøvrer ved Guantanamo Bay, San Diego og Pearl Harbor, inden han ankom Shanghai den 22. juni. Hun skulle blive fast inventar af den asiatiske flåde på Kinas kyst, i Filippinerne og Japan. Hendes primære pligt var beskyttelse af amerikanske interesser i Fjernøsten, der konstant voksede siden erhvervelsen af ​​Filippinerne. Hun var trofast værge gennem borgerkrig i Kina og den kinesisk-japanske krig. Kamppraksis, manøvrer og diplomati tog hende oftest til Shanghai, Chefoo, Hankow, Hong Kong, Nanking, Kobe, Bangkok og Manila.

Da japanerne angreb Pearl Harbor 7. december 1941, klarede Edsall sig til handling med DesDiv 57 ved den sydøstlige Borneo -oliehavn i Balikpapan. Hun løb til Singapore, gik i gang med en britisk forbindelsesofficer og fire mænd for at lede efter overlevende fra HMS Prince of Wales og HMS Repulse, sænket af Malaya den 10.. Hun opsnappede en japansk fisketrawler med fire små både på slæb og eskorterede dem til Singapore. Hun sluttede sig til Houston (CA-30) i Surabaya for at eskortere skibsfarten til den relative sikkerhed i Darwin, Australien. Mens hun tjente, blev hun den første amerikanske destroyer til at sænke en fjendtlig ubåd i fuld størrelse i Anden Verdenskrig. Med tre australske korvetter sendte Edsall I-124 til bunden den 20. januar 1942 ud for Darwin

Da hun fortsatte med at eskortere konvojer i et kapløb med tiden, blev Edsall beskadiget, da en af ​​hendes egne dybdeladelser eksploderede for tidligt under et angreb mod ubåd 19. februar 1942. Hun fortsatte gamely med at operere ud for Java, derefter den 26. februar dampede han fra Tjilatjap for at mødes med Langley ( AV-3). Den 27., vandflytilbuddet og ledsagere Edsall og Whipple (DD-217) blev angrebet af ni store dobbeltmotorede bombefly, som skadede den historiske Langley så hårdt, at hun måtte opgives. Edsall hentede 177 overlevende, Whipple 308. Den 28. mødtes de to destroyere med Pecos (AO-6) ud for Flying Fish Cove, Christmas Island. Flere japanske bombefly tvang Edsall til at forlade, før de overførte alle Langley -mænd, men hun afsluttede jobbet den 1. marts og tog derefter tilbage til Tjilatjap. Hun ankom aldrig Den galante gamle firepiber kæmpede en håbløs aktion mod japanske slagskibe Hiei og Kirishima, der sank hende om eftermiddagen den 1. marts 1942.


Edsall I DD- 219 - Historie

Det første fly, der blev lanceret fra hendes flydæk, var en Vought VE-7, der blev styret af løjtnant Virgil C. Griffin den 17. oktober 1922. Den første dæklanding blev udført den 26. oktober 1922, da kommandørløjtnant Godfrey de Courcelles Chevalier landede sin Aeromarine 39B på skibet. Kommandør Kenneth Whiting startede den første katapult den 18. november 1922.

Et særligt træk ved skibets design var bæreduehuset på skibets akter. Siden Første Verdenskrig har vandflyvere ført duer til at sende beskeder over. Duerne blev uddannet på Norfolk Shipyard og blev brugt til træningsformål ombord på skibet. Til søs var det ikke noget problem at få duer til at vende tilbage til skibet, men da USS Langley forankrede nær Norfolk skibsværft, har duerne en tendens til at flyve til kranerne på værftet, for der blev de trænet. Selvom duerne også var planlagt ombord på USS Lexington (CV 2) og USS Saratoga (CV 3), brugte flåden dem ikke længere. På USS Langley blev duehuset omdannet til bøddelens bøddel.

Efter den første uddannelse startede USS Langley flyveoperationer i Caribien den 15. januar 1923. Skibet krydser Atlanterhavskysten og Caribien indtil slutningen af ​​1924, da hun overgik til Pacific Battle Fleet den 29. november 1924. I 1927 var skibet stationeret ved Guantanamo Bay Naval Base og senere opereret langs den californiske kyst og Hawaii. I 1929 deltog hun i filmen "The Flying Fleet".


USS Edsall (DD-219)

Pan American Airlines begyndte luftposttjenesten trans-Pacific den 22. november 1935 og udvidede senere servicen til passagerfly den 21. oktober 1936. Service begyndte med Martin M-130 flyet. Der var 3 M-130’ere, der hed China Clipper, Philippine Clipper og Hawaii Clipper. M-130 var 4 motorer, 26 ton, flyvende både, der var i stand til at transportere 15 passagerer med sovepladser eller op til 46 passagerer i en anden konfiguration, et mandskab på ni og last, inklusive luftpost. Flyvninger havde en endestation i Oakland, Californien og Manila Bay, Filippinerne. Service var navnet på spillet med Pan Am, og der blev ikke sparet på for passagers bekvemmeligheder. Overnatninger ville blive foretaget i Hawaii, Midway, Wake og Guam.

Regelmæssige flyvninger havde været i drift, da katastrofen ramte den 28. juli 1938.

Hawaii Clipper var på vej til Manila fra Guam og kontaktede radiostationen på Panay Island kl. 12:11 og rapporterede stillingen som to timer ude fra den filippinske kyst og anmodede om en vejrudsigt. Da Panay Island forsøgte at hæve Clipper klokken 12:12, var der ingen reaktion, og flyet blev aldrig hørt fra igen. Da flyet var forsinket, bad Pan Am Navy -kommandanten i Manila om at søge efter flyet. 13 marineskibe satte til søs for at foretage en søgning.

Army Transport Meigs var også i området, og besætningen fik øje på en oliesmæk den 30. juli. Meigs tog en lille olieprøve. I løbet af de næste flere dage søgte Navy -destroyere, ubåde og fly samt hærfly over et stort område. Der blev ikke observeret yderligere olieudslip, og der blev ikke set vragdele. Destroyeren Edsall var en del af denne eftersøgningsfest og begyndte søgningen i henhold til dette cover på 0109 30. juli, indtil søgningen blev afblæst 0930 5. august.

Test af olieprøverne afslørede ingen tilstedeværelse af bly, der ville have angivet motorolie.

Besætningen på ni og de seks passagerer blev aldrig fundet.

Blandt passagererne var Wah Sun Choy, en velhavende kinesisk restauratør, der bar tre millioner amerikanske dollars fra den amerikanske regering, der skulle afleveres til den kinesiske regering for War Relief.

Der blev aldrig fundet spor af flyet, besætningen eller passagererne, og mysteriet om tabet af Hawaii Clipper er stadig et mysterium mere end 70 år senere.


Edsall I DD- 219 - Historie

1.190 Tons
314 'x 31' 9 '' x 9 '3' '
4 x 4 & quot kanoner
1 x 3 & quot pistol
12 x 21 & quot torpedorør med Mark 8 torpedoer
.30 cal MG
.50 cal MG

Skibshistorie
Bygget af William Cramp & amp Sons i Philadelphia. Den blev nedlagt den 15. september 1919 som en destroyer i Clemson-klassen. Lanceret 29. juli 1920 som USS Edsall opkaldt efter US Navy Seaman Norman Eckley Edsall dræbt den 1. april 1899 og blev sponsoreret af sin søster, fru Bessie Edsall Bracey. Bestilt 26. november 1920 tildelt kommandør A. H. Rice.

Før krigen
Den 6. december 1920 forlod Philadelphia Philadelphia på hendes shakedown via Panamakanalen og ankom den 11. januar 1921 til San Diego. I det meste af året opererede ud for vestkysten og deltog i kanonuddannelse med andre krigsskibe og vendte derefter tilbage til østkysten. Den 28. december 1921 ankom Charleston.

Den 26. maj 1922 forlod Charleston på vej mod Middelhavet. Den 28. juni 1922 ankom Konstantinopel som en del af en amerikansk flådeafdeling, der opererede ud for Tyrkiet og resten af ​​året engagerede sig i humanitære opgaver, herunder evakuering af anatolske grækere fra Tyrkiet til Grækenland. Under hendes krydstogt besøgte havne i Tyrkiet, Bulgarien, Rusland, Grækenland, Egypten, Mandat Palæstina, Syrien, Tunesien, Dalmatien og Italien derefter tilbage til USA. Den 26. juli 1924 ankom Boston til eftersyn.

Den 3. januar 1925 sluttede den asiatiske flåde sig og deltog i manøvrer ud for Cuba, San Diego og Pearl Harbor og derefter over Stillehavet, der ankom til Shanghai den 22. juni 1925. Bagefter opererede ud for kysten af ​​Kina, Filippinerne og Japan for at beskytte amerikanske interesser og besøgte ofte Shanghai, Chefoo, Hankow, Hong Kong, Nanking, Kobe og Manila. I slutningen af ​​oktober 1927 ankom kommando af kommandør Jules James til Bangkok og havde tre af de kongelige prinsesser ombord på te.

Den 25. november, 1941, før forventede fjendtligheder med Japan, sendte US Navy Admiral Hart, chef for den asiatiske flåde, Destroyer Division 57 (DesDiv 57), herunder USS Whipple, USS Alden, USS John D. Edwards og USS Edsall plus destroyer tender USS Black Hawk fra Manila Bay sydpå til Balikpapan.

Krigshistorie
Den 8. december 1941 ved starten af ​​Stillehavskrigen var Edsall på vej til Batavia (Jakarta) på Java sammen med andre destroyere fra DesDiv 57 og blev beordret til Singapore for at slutte sig til Force Z. Efter ankomsten til Singapore tog en britisk forbindelsesofficer og fire mænd fra HMS Mauritius for at søge efter overlevende fra HMS Prince of Wales og HMS Repulse sænket den 10. december 1941. Under eftersøgningen fangede den japanske fisketrawler Kofuku Maru eskorteringen tilbage til Singapore. Den 15. december 1941 i Surabaya ledsager USS Houston til Darwin derefter eskorterer en konvoj fra Torres -strædet til Darwin.

I slutningen af ​​februar 1942 blev USS Edsall og USS Whipple beordret til at møde med USS Langley AV-3 omkring 200 miles syd for Java. Den 27. februar 1942 kl. 11:40 bombet af ni G4M1 Bettys fra Takao Kokutai cirka 75 miles syd for Java. Under angrebet blev USS Langley AV-3 stærkt beskadiget og ødelagt med Edsall, der reddede 117 af hendes overlevende.

Bagefter blev Whipple og Edsall beordret til Christmas Island for at overføre overlevende fra Langley til USS Pecos. De tre skibe skiltes med Whipple til Cocosøerne for at tanke op, mens Pecos og Edsall skulle videre til Fremantle. Undervejs blev Pecos angrebet og sænket af D3A Val -bombefly fra japanske transportører i området. Efter at have modtaget sine nødopkald vendte Whipple tilbage og reddede 233 overlevende.

Synkende historie
Den 1. marts 1942 blev Edsall sidst set fortsætte over horisonten på vej mod Java og blev aldrig set eller hørt fra igen. Hun var en af ​​fire US Navy destroyers, der ikke stod for, at Missing In Action (MIA) gik til.

Faktisk var Edsall engageret af japanske krigsskibe, der affyrede mere end 1.000 runder mod destroyeren, men kun scorede to hits. 18:24 modtog hun det første direkte hit fra Hiei og 18:35 et andet direkte hit fra krydstogteren Tone. Edsall blev også angrebet af ni D3A Vals fra Soryu og otte D3A Vals fra Akagi, som ramte hende med flere bomber og kl. 18:50 var død i vandet fra den skadede pådraget. Endelig ramt af skud fra krydstogten Chukuma og sænket kl. 19.00.

Besætningens skæbne
I 1952 fik efterforskerne at vide, at otte af hendes besætning var blevet hentet af det japanske krigsskib Ashigara og transporteret på Celebes Island og henrettet nær Kendari. Efter krigen dirigerede en gruppe indfødte de allierede eftersøgere til fem grave dækket af junglevegetation. Gravene blev opgravet, og fem skeletter blev fundet, alle identificeret med deres hundemærker som besætningsmedlemmer fra USS Edsall.

Bidrage oplysninger
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USS Whipple (DD-217)

USS Whipple (DD-217) var en ødelægger i Clemson-klassen, der tjente i det østlige Middelhav og i Sortehavet i 1920-21, med den asiatiske flåde i 1921-25 og igen fra 1929. Hun overlevede de katastrofale kampe i Hollandsk Østindien tidligt i 1942 og flygtede til australske farvande. Hun blev derefter trukket tilbage til USA, hvor hun blev konverteret til en eskorte. Hun tilbragte resten af ​​krigen på en blanding af konvoj-eskorte og anti-ubådsopgaver, der spillede en rolle i forliset af U-544.

Det Whipple blev opkaldt efter Abraham Whipple, en førende amerikansk flådeofficer under uafhængighedskrigen, der fungerede som kaptajn for fregatterne Columbus og Forsyn, og senere som eskadrillechef, indtil han blev taget til fange ved Charlestons fald i 1780.

Det Whipple blev nedlagt ved Cramp & rsquos i Philadelphia den 12. juni 1919, lanceret den 6. november 1919 og taget i brug den 23. april 1920.

Det Whipple & rsquos første indsættelse var til Sortehavet og det østlige Middelhav, et område, der dengang var i uro som følge af den russiske revolution og sammenbrud af Det Osmanniske Rige. Hun forlod USA den 29. maj 1920 og nåede til Konstantinopel den 13. juni, hvor hun kom under kommando af admiral Mark L. Bristol, kommandør US Naval Detachment i Near Eastern Waters. Hendes første opgave var at transportere repræsentanter fra British and American Tobacco Co fra Konstantinopel til Samsun på Tyrkiets nordkyst sammen med post til Chandler (DD-209). Hun krydsede derefter Sortehavet for at besøge Savastopol, inden hun flyttede vestpå til Constanta, Rumænien. Hun blev derefter beordret til at køre østover til Batum og krydse fra Samun til Batum på en enkelt dag, der ankom den 7. juli. Hun var til stede i Batum, da briterne og franskmændene overgav kontrollen over Batum til den uafhængige stat Georgia. Georgien havde erklæret sin uafhængighed den 26. maj 1918, men denne periode med uafhængighed varede kun indtil 1921, da Sovjet invaderede efter afslutningen af ​​britisk og fransk militær støtte.

Det Whipple blev derefter sendt ud af Sortehavet og besøgte Beirut, Damaskus og Port Said, inden hun vendte tilbage til Konstantinopel den 18. august 1920. Hun blev derefter sendt tilbage til Sortehavet, hvor hun blev brugt til at transportere post mellem Rumænien, Rusland og Tyrkiet. Den 19. oktober 1920 hjalp hun med at redde den græske damper Thetis, der var kommet i land ud for Constanta. Kort tid efter begyndte Sovjet at overskride Krim. Den hvide russiske general Peter N. Wrangel trak sig tilbage til Sevastopol, hvor han derefter blev belejret. Enhver, der var tilknyttet den hvide sag, var desperat efter at flygte til søs.

På dette tidspunkt var der kun ét amerikansk skib, Overton (DD-239), var til stede i Sevastopol. Da nyheden om den truende katastrofe kom ud, blev fire flere hastet til stedet (Ræv (DD-234), Humphrey (DD-236), John D. Edwards (DD-216) og Whipple). De fik også selskab af krydstogteren St. Louis. De amerikanske skibe blev brugt til at evakuere nogle af de hvide. Det Whipple ankom den 14. november. Hun blev det sidste amerikanske krigsskib, der forlod havnen og slæbte en pram fuld af hvide soldater og fyldt med tilflugtssteder. Prammen blev overdraget til Humphrey, og Whipple tog derefter hendes tilflugtssteder til Konstantinopel.

Det Whipple genoptog hendes postopgaver ind i foråret 1921, men amerikanerne besluttede derefter at flytte destroyerstyrken i det østlige Middelhav til Filippinerne. Det Whipple og hendes division forlod den 2. maj 1921 og sejlede gennem Suez -kanalen, inden hun besøgte Bombay, Colombo, Batavia (Java), Singapore og Saigon på vej til Cavite på Filippinerne, ankom den 29. juni 1921. Hun tilbragte de næste fire år tjenestegørende med den asiatiske flåde, baseret på Cavite om vinteren og Nordkina om sommeren. Hendes hovedrolle i denne periode var at beskytte amerikanske interesser i Kina, derefter midt i en længere periode med borgerkrig og kaos.

Sent i 1922 blev hun kommanderet af Frank Jack Fletcher, senere berømt som operativ chef for de amerikanske flåder under kampene ved Koralhavet og Midway.

Tidligt i 1925 sendte den amerikanske flåde en ekspeditionsstyrke til Shanghai for at beskytte amerikansk ejendom og liv i en periode med konflikter omkring byen. De første tropper, der landede, var otteogtyve marinesoldater fra kanonbåden USS Sacramento (PG-19). De blev efterfulgt af en ekspeditionsstyrke under kaptajn James. P. Schwerin, som blev transporteret til byen på Whipple, Borie (DD-215) og Barker (DD-213). Destroyerne landede deres marinesoldater den 22. januar.

Kort tid efter dette Whipple og hendes division blev trukket tilbage til USA, forlod den 18. maj 1925 og ankom til San Diego den 17. juni. Hun flyttede derefter til sin nye base i Norfolk og ankom den 17. juli. I de næste to år brugte hun det meste af sin tid på at operere mellem Maine og Florida og deltage i manøvrer fra Guantanamo Bay. Hun var også et af de skibe, der deltog i den amerikanske intervention i Nicaragua, og ved fire lejligheder satte landingspartier i land for at beskytte amerikanske interesser.

Enhver, der tjente hende i en af ​​fire perioder mellem den 22. november 1926 og den 27. april 1927, kvalificerede sig til den anden Nicaraguanske kampagnemedalje

Whipple og hendes division forlod Norfolk den 26. maj 1927 for at påbegynde et krydstogt til nordeuropæiske havne. Under denne tur blev hun fotograferet forbi under Levensau -broen på Kiel -kanalen, scenen for mange lignende fotografier af kejserlige tyske krigsskibe i den seneste tid. Dette blev efterfulgt af et meget kort opslag i Middelhavet, som kun varede indtil den 29. januar 1928, da hun forlod Gibraltar med kurs mod Guantanamo -bugten. Efter at have deltaget i nogle øvelser i cubanske farvande forlod hun til vestkysten den 26. marts 1928 mod sin nye base i San Diego. Hun var baseret der i lidt over et år, inden hun igen tog af sted til den asiatiske flåde den 1. august 1929.

I de næste ti år er Whipple deltog i standardoperationerne for den asiatiske flåde og tilbragte vinteren på Filippinerne og sommeren med base i Tsingtao (indtil japanerne besatte byen i 1938).

Enhver, der tjente hende i en af ​​syv perioder mellem 14. april 1930 og 25. oktober 1932, kvalificerede sig til Yangtze Service Medal.

I februar 1932 blev Whipple var en del af en amerikansk flåde, der flyttede til Shanghai for at beskytte amerikanske interesser, efter at kampe brød ud mellem japanerne og kineserne i byen.

I oktober 1935 deltog hun i et besøg i Fransk Indokina og besøgte Saigon.

Den 14. april 1936 blev Whipple kolliderede med Smith-Thompson (DD-212) under øvelser i Subic Bay. Det Smith-Thompson led så stor skade, at hun blev skrottet. Det Whipple & rsquos bue var blevet bøjet rundt, indtil den pegede bagud, men skaden var mere overfladisk, end den så ud (tidlige destroyere led ofte store skader på deres letbyggede buer uden alvorlige konsekvenser). I dette tilfælde modtog hun buen fra Smith-Thompson og blev hurtigt taget i brug igen.

I juli 1937 udbrød der åben krig mellem kineserne og japanerne omkring Peking. I et forsøg på at overbevise japanerne om deres enhed inviterede Sovjet amerikanerne til at spille et formelt flådebesøg i Vladivostok, det første siden etableringen af ​​diplomatiske forbindelser mellem USA og Sovjetunionen i 1933. Krydstogteren Augusta (CA-31) og destroyere Whipple, Alden (DD-211), Barker (DD-213) og Paul Jones (DD-230), ankom til Vladivostock den 28. juli 1937 og blev der indtil 1. august. Besøget havde imidlertid ingen indflydelse på japanerne, og krigen bredte sig til Shanghai kort tid efter. Det Whipple var på vagt for at gribe ind for at redde amerikanere fra kinesiske havne indtil midten af ​​1938, da kampene efter Shanghais fald flyttede ind i landet. Dette forlod Whipple gratis at spille et besøg i Bangkok i juni 1938.

Hun var tilbage i kinesiske farvande i 1939 efter problemer brød ud ved Amoy. The Japanese landed troops after a Japanese citizen was shot, and the British and Americans landed troops to protect the International Settlement. By September 1939 the Whipple was serving as the Station Ship at Amoy, and the base for Captain John T. G. Stapler, the Commander of the South China Patrol.

Anyone who served on her during five periods between 7 July 1937 and 7 September 1939 qualified for the China Service Medal.

This ended after the outbreak of war in Europe at the start of September 1939. Admiral Thomas C. Hart, commander of the Asiatic Fleet, withdrew most of his ships back into Philippine Waters, where the Whipple spent the next two years on neutrality patrol.

As the likelihood of war with Japan increased in the autumn and winter of 1941 Admiral Hart decided to disperse some of his fleet. Destroyer Division 58 (Whipple, Alden (DD-211), Edsall (DD-219), John D, Edwards (DD-216)) and the tender Black Hawk were sent on a visit to Balikpapan on Borneo, where they remained until the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor plunged the United States into the war.

In the immediate aftermath of Pearl Harbor Admiral Hart agreed to send his destroyers to join a battle group that was to be built around the battleship HMS Prince of Wales and battlecruiser HMS Afvisning, but this was cancelled after both of those ships were sunk by Japanese aircraft in the South China Sea on 10 December 1941. By this point the Whipple was already close to Singapore, arriving on 11 December. After a few days in port, the US destroyers departed for the Dutch East Indies on 14 December to join the Australian-British-Dutch-American (ABDA) force, which was preparing to try and defend the Malay Barrier, to keep the Japanese out of the Indian Ocean and away from Australia.

Det Whipple was used on escort and patrol duties until February 1942.

In February 1942 the ABDA fleet made a desperate attempt to stop the Japanese invasion of Java. On 12 February the Whipple collided with the Dutch light cruiser De Ruyter in a heavy fog, but after a brief visit to the dry dock at Tjilatap was cleared to rejoin the fleet. On 26 February the Whipple og Edsall (DD-219) departed from Tjilatjap to join up with the Langley (AV-3), a former aircraft carrier now being used as an auxiliary, carrying aircraft to Java. On 27 February the small fleet was found by the Japanese, and came under a series of air attacks. Just after noon the Langley was hit, and by 13.25 she had to be abandoned. Det Whipple picked up 308 survivors from the Langley, and then attempted to sink her, but without success, despite firing nine rounds of 4in and two torpedoes. She and the Edsall were then ordered to leave the area to avoid further air attack.

Det Whipple was ordered to rendezvous with the Pecos (AO-6) at Christmas Island to transfer the pilots rescued from the Langley. Early on 27 February she was attacked by a Japanese bomber off Christmas Island, but was able to avoid the attack. On 28 February the transfer was carried out. The small flotilla then broke up, with the two destroyers preparing to join a retreat from Java.

Desværre Pecos was discovered by aircraft from the Akagi, Kaga, Hiryu og Soryu, while just to the south of Christmas Island. She was able to send out an SOS before being sunk, and this was picked up by the Whipple. The destroyer rushed to the scene, and was able to pick up 231 survivors from the Pecos, before leaving to avoid being exposed to air attack.

Det Whipple was one of the few Allied ships to escape from the Dutch East Indies. She reached Australian waters, and reached Melbourne on 23 March 1942. She worked with ships from the Australian and New Zealand Navies on convoy escort duties along the east coast of Australia, before she was ordered to return to the United States. She left Sydney on 2 May, and traveled via the New Hebrides, American Samoa and Hawaii, before reaching San Francisco on 18 June 1942.

After her return to the United Sates the Whipple was modified for escort work. Two banks of torpedo tubes were removed and replaced with 20mm anti-aircraft guns. She was then used to escort convoys from the US West Coast to Hawaii, carrying out seven round trips between the second half of 1942 and the spring of 1943.

On 11 May 1943 the Whipple departed from San Francisco to escort a convoy to the Caribbean. The convoy visited Curacao to pick up a cargo of petroleum, before reaching Guantanamo Bay on 29 May. Det Whipple was used to escort one convoy to Trinidad. In late June she moved to New York for repairs, which were over by 10 July. She was then used to escort a convoy to Casablanca, returning to Charleston on 27 August.

On 7 September 1943 she put to sea to escort a slow convoy to Recife, Brazil. After this she escorted a convoy to Trinidad, before returning to Charleston once again on 19 November.

I begyndelsen af ​​1944 Whipple joined the &lsquohunter-killer&rsquo anti-submarine group based around the new carrier USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60), alongside the destroyers (Alden (DD-211), John D. Edwards (DD-216) and John D Ford (DD-228). The group left Norfolk on 5 January 1944 on the Guadalcanal&rsquos first operational voyage.

On 10 January one of her Avengers rolled off the flight deck after a bad landing. Det Whipple was able to rescue one of her three crewmen, James A. Lavender, but the other two were never found.

On 16 January aircraft from the Guadalcanal spotted the large submarine U-544 on the surface, transferring radar detection gear to the U-516. The aircraft managed to sink U-544, men U-516 managed to escape, despite efforts by Whipple og John D. Ford to stop her.

The group reached Casablanca, where it replenished its supplies. It then made the return voyage to the US, this time without success, reaching Norfolk on 16 February 1944. This was the Whipple&rsquos only trip with the group, and she was soon detached for repairs at Boston.

On 13 March 1944 the Whipple left the US as part of the escort for Convoy UGS-36, heading for the Mediterranean. On 1 April the convoy was attacked by low flying Dornier Do-217s and Junkers Ju-88s. Det Whipple&rsquos 20mm guns helped put up a anti-aircraft barrage that drove off the German attack, and the convoy reached Bizerta safely on 3 April. Det Whipple returned to Norfolk on 30 April.

For the rest of 1944 and into the spring of 1944 the Whipple continued to carry out escort duties, mainly along the US east coast, but also with some trips to Casablanca and into the Caribbean.

By the summer of 1945 the Whipple was no longer needed as an escort. On 6 June 1945 she was re designated as an auxiliary, as AG-117. She was used as a target ship for submarines off New London. On 9 July she entered the New York Navy Yard, where she was to be converted into a high speed target vessel.

The work was soon complete, and on 5 August she departed from New York heading for Pearl Harbor, arriving on 30 August. After all the effort involved in her conversion she was only used as a target vessel by the Pacific training command until 21 September 1945, few days than it had taken her to reach Pearl Harbor!

Det Whipple returned to the United States in October, reaching Philadelphia on 18 October. She was decommissioned on 9 November 1945, struck off on 5 December and sold for scrap on 30 September 1947.

Whipple received two battle stars for her World War II service, for service with the Asiatic Fleet (8 December 1941-3 April 1942) and service with convoy UGS-36 on 1 April 1944


Edsall I DD- 219 - History

The following letters were sent by Robert T. Stanger, while serving as a crewman on USS Edsall DD-219.
The ship was in Shanghai, China at this time and he writes about witnessing the Japanese invasion of
Kina. Robert retired as a Commander in 1956 after serving in submarines during World War II.

At this time I know you are worrying about me and you may have some cause to. I'm writing or putting the contents mild(ly) and without exaggeration, it's bad enough without that. By the time that you recieve (sic) this the crisis will have passed over and the outcome will be known so by that time it will be too late to worry - so calm yourselves, I'm taking no chances now or even (unreadable) But meantime I'm writing this letter from the Power House of the Standard Oil Company. It is situated on Whangpoo River where our ship is using their dock. We are here to protect this Co. and the American owned Shanghai Power Co. just across the river. It's a hot spot and we see too much Japanese Bombing & Gunnery Exercises at too close a range (200 yds) to feel comfortable.

The Japs draw to(o) much wild firing from the Chinese and we are on edge most of the time fearing those wild Chinese bullets and shells. The Chinese are completely lacking in guts, but with their lack of modern fighting equipment they should be. The Chinese engineers that work regularly are completely lacking of guts. Everytime they hear artillery fire, anti-aircraft fire or bombs and machine gun fire they get their hat & coat on and head in the opposite direction leaving an electrician 1/c and myself to run the plant. It practically runs itself and all they have are three boilers, two generators and a few pumps for fighting fires. After the bombardment is over they come back laughing about their fright but let another explosion occur and that laughing expression changes to plain wide eyed horror. I feel like kicking them in the slats - if you're going to get it, you're going to get it. If you're under cover, my policy is to stay there when guns and anti-aircraft shrapnel start popping but darting from one cover to another is exposing yourself unnecessarily.

At first my curiosity drove me to seeing all engagements of any kind that was possible but since a stray shell exploded on the Augusta, killing one man and injuring eighteen others, and since shrapnel from anti-aircraft shells exploding at 5,000 feet have rained on our decks too often, the novelty wore off quickly. As we were evacuating 350 refugees from this war torn city Japanese ships opened up a barrage of shells on a Chinese Airplane that was doing some high altitude bombing and one woman fainted while several others got the jitters. Speaking of American Refugees, only approximately 50 of the 350 were white, the remainder was (sic) Chinese, Japanese and Filipinos. I certainly gave one missionary a piece of my mind that he won't forget, he was complaining about his discomfort.

This Shanghai War is so complicated and complex, you can't begin to imagine the problems it involves. There are foreign owned factories, buildings and warehouses all over Shanghai. Both sides will move in these places, in some cases, but most of the time they take that area and the other side will damage the foreign owned property in trying to occupy that area. That is tough on a neutral man's pocketbook for likely he won't be repaid for the damage. A small oil tank farm, like they have in Luling, that belonged to an English concern was bombed by a Chinese plane three mornings ago and has been burning ever since. It is just across the river and the reason the Chinese bombed it was because the Japs had moved in and were firing from that property. Another obstacle the Chinese have is this - the Jap ships lie so close to us that the Chinese can't fire in return for fear of hitting us and the Japs blasé (sic) away at the Chinese right abeam of us. If there ever was a nation of yellow-bellied Orientals, these Japs are it hiding behind the apron of neutral nation's navies with the men and fighting equipment they have. Jap ships come in day and night loaded with stores, guns and men.

It is a miracle that some of our crew haven't been injured by the shellfire in this immediate vicinity. They all dash up to the topside to see what's going on at the sound of gunfire. All of us, myself included, have a sore neck from looking up at airplanes. There is always the chance of a plane making a mistake about your identity even though we have a large flag spread horizontally on the awning. If the ship is going to be bombed I want to know about it but at the first white puff of smoke I find cover. Maybe I have the instinct of an ostrich the other day I was standing under the canvass awning listening to the rapid fire anti-aircraft of a Jap destroyer with a feeling of perfect security how about that. Every morning we find new shell holes in the ground of Standard Oil Co. from the night firing. There are many "dud" shells and a Chinese dug one up today, afterward I took a picture of it and did a bit of evacuation myself - they are very dangerous to handle.

Two Chinese airplanes dropped gas bombs across the river on Japanese positions yesterday morning and later took them! The Chinese are putting up a mighty offense on the ground and if they had the airplanes the Japs have they would win without a doubt. As it is and has been in the past few days the Chinese have the upper hand and have been driving wedges in the Jap lines. It is nearly all house to house fighting with very little field fighting. The few American Made Chinese airplanes fly circles around the Jap planes and when they get in a dog fight that prevents the Jap anti aircraft guns to help out, nine out of ten times the Jap plane is the one that falls in flames. What the nationality of the pilots flying Chinese planes is I don't know but they know their onions about flying and dog-fighting.

Six Jap ships have tied up to buoys just opposite Stand[ard] Oil this afternoon and since everything has been so quiet today, we are expecting them to try to retake the positions the Chinese gassed them out of on the other side of the river yesterday. Hell will break loose if they lay down a barrage from those ships to cover their landing party because the Chinese have some light artillery and machine guns there. We will be in the Chinese's line of fire and it will be pretty hot for awhile. This power plant building has two walls of 12" reinforced concrete between these ships and yours truly so I really feel better than I would at home on the ship. It can't last over three weeks at the most, both sides have been fighting viciously trying to end it and the result will be China running out of ammunition and airplanes unless some neutral country gives her some. Just don't worry things always happen for the best!

I made out an allotment today, payable to Papa to be deposited in my name in the bank there but I want you and Hazel to be able to draw on it in case of necessity or emergency. I won't be drawing on this account but I want the bank to send me a blank for witnesses signature. The allotment is $30 per month for thirty months that I hope that will be..(blanked out) Keep this news in the immediate family, please. I also have an allotment made out today, my first opportunity in three months due to change in paymasters for $6.76 per month to cover the $2000 Endowment Life Insurance Policy with Veterans Administration. Mail to and from the states has been a hit and miss proposition for the last month and worse than ever right now. I sent a money order in plenty of time to convert and pay the first premium of my new policy but I will be unable to to get a check there to pay the one for the month of Sept. I have a "Grace Period of 30 Days" and should the check fail to reach there in time I can renew the policy by paying the 3 ½% interest on the deficient premium which is negligible. Very few Mail boats are coming in here now and then those that do haven't been carrying the (219) mail. Our mail orderly in order to have.. (blanked out) the river in an open boat to take the mail to the Augusta and take the chance of getting caught in a cross fire from the Japs & Chinese, so we haven't sent nor received mail since we got here.

Money orders must be secured on the Augusta and that is just one more difficulty that I'm having with my remittance for my insurance and also that little debt that I owe you. My insurance allotment won't take effect until Nov. 1st I am going to try to hold this letter open and if possible send a money order to you remitting, of which I am going to try to hold this letter open and if possible send a money order to you remitting, of which you can forward two months premiums. Next payday I will send another check to you and if its excessive save it and deposit it later. Love to all - Cuz it's a beautiful night, even at White Rock.

Well today finds me still trying to get that money order and that is why I haven't mailed letter yet. There isn't much to tell about the present situation that I haven't told before. The fighting has been erratic for the last few days. Except for last night this section of the river has been generally quiet but last night shrapnel hell was whizzing so loud and bursting so close that word was received to clear the topside. Today we escorted a Dollar Line tug full of refugees and baggage from the Bund to a point a mile or more this side of Waosung. The tug followed us down the river to the place the President Pierce was to anchor but we continued down the river until we passed the $ Liner. Her decks were full of tourists and everyone of them was waving like we were long lost friends.

We soon knew the reason why they were so glad to see us. We anchored after passing them and what a spot we picked, the Chinese were dropping shells all around us before we could get out of there. I got some pictures of the 30-50 foot splashes the shells made. Afterward the Chinese brought their range down and caused plenty of casualties to the Jap artillery that held just the river bank. It was only a quarter of a mile and we could see the trench mortars and men fly where some of the shells hit. We cheered to see that sight because yesterday while a few of us were atop of the Shanghai Power Co. (200 ft. high) we looked down on a Jap patrol of six men shoot a Chinese noncombatant in cold blood, bayonet two that they found in a house and throw all three of them in a house afire. They take no prisoners.

P.S. Enclosed you will find money order for $64. For the last month radio messages for the states have been prohibited so that is why you haven't heard from me by wire.

Sent you a radiogram yesterday from the U.S.S. Goldstar since it has been impossible to send one from this ship since this trouble started. Don't think that I'm on that ship for duty and send my mail to her. I'll be six months getting a letter addressed to her, she is station ship at Guam and only gets to China twice a year. My radiogram explained what I wanted you to do for me and if it went through as I wrote it, you see I'm in Shanghai. This is a follow up letter for the last letter which contained the money order for sixty four dollars.

Other than shrapnel shells, or rather the fragments and particles of same, raining on our decks occasionally we haven't been hit yet. Some of those shells whistle Yankee Doodle before they reach their destination. When they start coming too close, we are kept below decks until it ceases. In the daytime we don't know where they come from but at night their lightning like flash tells which Army fired the shells. It makes us plenty mad to be so near their targets for if they do hit us all that will come of it is a formal apology. After that shot that hit the Augusta and killed a man, we would like to lay out some shells to return the close shots that the damned Japs fire.

War isn't nice by any means but to see so many non-combatants slaughtered isn't a nice sight either. The Japs are such rotten gunners, we saw them fire a shot hitting their own men not 500 yds form the gun and in plain sight. On the bank of this river near Waosung the Japs haven't gained 50 yds in a week of fighting and if their losses in men and guns have been as heavy as they were the two times we passed that place for the week it must have run into hundreds. Those large caliber Chinese guns put a few shells dangerously close to us but we are still for them. Japan is to blame and I hope they are completely wiped out or weakened to the pont where Russia can make short work of them.

The Japs must always win face and have a horror of losing face but they are going to lose lots of it if the Chinese can continue to make them use everything they have. The French and English are taking a firmer stand here than we are and especially the English since their Ambassador to China was shot. There will be hell to pay if he dies. All of the foreign fleets here could blow the Jap navy high and dry. I used to have a higher regard for their ability than I do now but what I've seen of Japs gunnery is enough grounds to feel a bit cocky. I've seen two seaplanes crack up while making landings. Three shot down in flames and one disintegrate completely when an anti aircraft shell hit its loaded bomb rack - all of them Jap planes. They claim China is losing more planes than they are but it is propaganda to save their face.

About two o'clock every morning the Chinese start an aerial bombardment and the Japs anti-aircraft guns wake me up. The Japs don't do any night flying here and if their flying at night is as rotten as their firing at an enemy plane at night is - it is no wonder, the Chinese drop their bombs and sail serenely away into the night. Just outside the Stand. Oil Compound a Chinese machine gun sniping post is located. I was over there

. bombardment she would up anchor and return the next day. So one night the Germans moved that marker buoy within the shore battery's range and when the Idzumo steamed into port the next day they nearly sank her before she could up anchor and get out of range. The Japs captured that port later and made all the Germans hostages marry a Jap. That way all the property of value would eventually fall into Japanese hands and before the Japs evacuated Tsingtao just recently it was a Japanese city in China. Men vores Idzumo is still floating and after repairs she is still living at a ripe old age.

The Jap nation grew up feeling like one foot was supported by the Idzumo and they have come to think she has a charmed life. Although the Japs have much better heavy cruisers and more powerful but none with the charmed life that she has. The Idzumo is the Japanese "Rabbit's foot" and it has been a "Jinx to the Chinks" since the Japs first attempt at Carving themselves a piece of Chinese soil. In 1932 the Chinese tried to sink the Idzumo with a mine but they missed. A fast Chinese motor boat with a torpedo missed that ship at point blank range the night of Aug. 13th. Twice this week mines exploded nearby but failed to sink the Japs Rabbit foot. Now the Chinese do hate that ship and want her on the bottom. The Chinese Gov. offers 2,000 Mex to their aviators if they hit her with a bomb and 20,000 Mex to the person who sinks her. If she does sink it will bottle up the Augusta and at least ten other foreign warships, so you see our Admiral must be fairly sure that the old American made Idzumo can take what the Chinks can dish out. So much for history!

This quarter promotion is more promising than ever before for me. For the first time I think that I made the squadron list which means, at least I'm a competitor. I bet Brandt who is MM2/c with 16 years service 10 Mex that he would make MM 1/c Another fellow bet me that I would make MM 1/C this quarter. That is the two best bets I ever made, I can't lose. It's an old navy custom to pass the cigars to 116 men when we make a rate and I'll gladly pass out the cigars any day if I can just get that chevron. The last time that I bought the cigars, I had just made MM 2/c (Machinist Mate Second Class) and the Zane was in Havana, Cuba. I bought Coronas for five cents each, was that a break for me, I ask you? All hands smoke "advancement cigars" for a couple of weeks after the rate returns come back from the bureau.

It's a small world after all. Who should recognize me the other day but an old Dallas running mate of mine who is a sailor on the Stewart (DD-224). He is a cousin of Truman Hendricks and though I've met him countless times in Chefoo and Manila I just supposed that he was some guy that I had known in the Fleet at home. It's funny how you meet people who you have known on the other side of the world before you "Jined the Navy.

Since the American Mail Liners have stopped coming to Shanghai, I am giving up hope of getting mail from you for quite awhile. How this letter will leave Shanghai in the near future I don't know but I'm writing anyway.

Everything here is just about the same as before. The Japs have started two "big pushes" and the Chinese Army stopped them in their tracks and inflicted heavy Jap losses. I managed to be one of three men who rode the tug up to Shanghai on business yesterday. The trip going and coming was uneventful. The windows of all the stores are protected by stacked sand bags. At each intersection there is a circular blockhouse built of sand bags and barbed wire barriers are stretched across some of the streets to prevent Chinese from overcrowding the International Settlement. The Chinese refugees live on the sidewalks and you can hardly walk because they sho' do like to sleep. Maybe they think sleep staves off starvation! In the French Concession the French soldiers patrol the streets in armored cars. These French mean business and in reply to a Jap warning to all ships passing Jap ships in the river to the Jap warships a wide margin, we saw a French Warship crowd a Jap warship so much that the Jap had to stop or run aground.

Except for the overcrowded streets, the sand bag barricades, the never ending sound of Jap planes overhead with an .. (Missing)

Everything is about as good as could be expected under the existing situation here. They are still raising hell and we cease to even look in the general direction of an explosion unless it is exceeding loud. These Chinese planes in their surprise attack are in such a hurry to drop their bombs and scram that they hit the water not 300 yards from us. The Japs have gun boats anchored at intervals up this river and two of them are very close. About 600 yards away and adjacent to Shanghai Power Co. is a Jap owned Cotton Goods Mill which the Japs are using for an ammunition dump. They haul it in there by the truckloads and I hope that the Chinese don't know about that as long as we are here.

The Japs are pretty smart putting that ammo dump right next to American owned property that we are protecting. A Jap transport ship anchored between Standard Oil where we are docked and S'hai Power Co. a few days ago and a Chinese Officer from this side of the river asked our Capt. To move out so they could shoot some of their five point one's at the Jap ship. The Capt. told him that he would have to shoot over us and that he had better be damned careful that he didn't hit American owned property. The Chinese got pretty mad but there was no firing on that Jap ship. You see what the Chinese are up against and the Japs hide under the aprons of foreign countries at every opportunity.

The Jap Army planes are now doing all the bombing here and I must say that they are more accurate than their Navy bombing planes are. Their (undecipherable) pursuit and observation planes are as fast as anything that we have here or at home. I still say that any first class Army & Navy can give the Japs a thorough trouncing. The people at home who have that fear of the Japs taking Alaska, Honolulu or any part of our West Coast have read too many of those "War scare articles in the Sunday Magazine Section of the newspapers or too many of the same kind in that good for nothing Liberty Magazine. Now articles of that kind serve their purpose at a time like the present re-armament campaign. It scares the taxpayer to a point where he doesn't growl about the expenditure for bringing the Army and Navy to a high point of efficiency.

After our Army and Navy are up to par again you will notice the absence of those articles and I really think when that time comes our State Dept. should not shirk the responsibilities of protecting American citizens in Foreign Countries. The way our State Dept. has assumed a "not responsible" attitude toward refugees after a first warning when there are no ships is getting to be a blow to our National Prestige. Don't quote me on that or this but what this country needs is another Teddy Roosevelt. We're as powerful as any country in the world today yet other countries soft soap and handle our diplomats with silk gloves and get what they want by making us the leading role and pioneer of a campaign for International Peace

Given Great Britain just 5yrs and she will be unable to fight the war that she can now. While Great Britain is geographically handicapped the odds are better now if she gives those aggravating Japs and the less aggravating Germans a lesson. If you care to get the reliable comparison of European Country's arms superiority just read the article in the June issue of Fortune Magazine titled "Who Dares to Fight" It contrasts the superiority of weapons used in the Spanish Free for all. If I may say so it explodes a few theories, assuming of course that the author is authentic.

Coming back to the present situation, unless China gets lots of planes and anti-aircraft guns her territorial boundaries.. (missing)

The last few days have been so quiet in this area that we seem to think it is the proverbial calm before the storm. The Japs Have a three mile strip of land bordering on the other bank of the river and adjoining their konkerd (sic) Jap concession. This bank of the river is held by the Chinese and there are at least ten thousand of them about a mile behind us. The Japs don't want this side of the river, they would take it eve at the present cost of life. But lately it has been very very dull and I even did some unnecessary overhauling of machinery to kill time. Today I went to the Augusta to buy a new pair of shoes and the other times that I have gone up the river to Auggie on duty the Japs damned near fired their 4 and 5 inch guns over our heads but today there was just one Chinese sniper plinking away spasmodically at the Japs ships and they completely ignored him.

We have orders not to sleep on topside at night because the Jap guns still shoot at a lone Chinese plane every night. I don't even wake up to take a peek out the port to see the fireworks any more. The novelty is past and since it is getting cool I sleep like a log. Nothing short of a bomb hitting my bunk could wake me in cool weather.

What a ship that Augusta is! Very soon I will put in my request for that real ship, one that I could fall in love with. If I can get her I will ride her home and finish out my twenty on her. She's spotless, modern, full of conveniences and very strict on regulations which will suit me fine for that's where I shine. They get the rates on that ship. What they don't want they pass on to us in the way of allotment of rates. I don't blame them - they are looking out for their men.

Well folks in the way of health I could not be better. A cholera epidemic has spread here in Shanghai but it isn't on a large scale. Cold weather is coming and that will end that. There are no Navy cases of cholera, we are inoculated against that. And by the way I am getting my second course of typhoid shots now and my arm is now sore from the third and last one thank Heaven.

I've taken many pictures since we left Chefoo and sold some of them in sets of twelve making a 3¢ Mex profit on each print. They sold like hot cakes on this ship not because they were good but because they were taken of sights in the Shanghai Fracas of 1937. I've made enough money to pay for the experimental photography which I'm still doing some of.

Well it goes without saying that I love everyone of you with all my heart but please write to me. We will be here for months and with no liberty letters do help. Adios

Friday, September 30, 1937
USS Edsall DD-219
Shanghai

Here it is a Friday but it sure does seem like a Sunday aboard ship in the states. The ship seems deserted and it is partially due to the liberty section being over at the Club House drinking beer this afternoon. When there is no liberty as there has been since we left Chefoo there is one big job of keeping John Gob the sailor on the straight and narrow. When we first got here we could drop into the club house any time of day until eight o clock and get a beer but you know how some people run things in the ground so that didn't last long. After several bloody fights and after some of my drunken shipmates crawled over the fence and wandered two miles along the Chinese lines in quest of women, it has become necessary to tighten up on us. The sailor will hunt his women and the Marines too for that matter. Three marines got General Courtmartials for using a Tompson (sic) submachine gun to satisfy their desires by holding the gun on three Chinese women and raping them. Although I haven't seen a woman in months, it would take a lot longer than this to make a Chinese woman look white to me. Make no mistake about this, Hilda Ping was white even though she was part Chinese. The American ships anchored off the Bund have been giving 10% of their crews liberty for the last week and it will apply to us too if the sporadic firing. (missing)


Servicehistorik

Edsall sailed from Philadelphia 6 December 1920 for San Diego, California on shakedown. She arrived at San Diego 11 January 1921, and remained on the West Coast until December, engaging in battle practice and gunnery drills with fleet units. Returning to Charleston, South Carolina, 28 December, Edsall was ordered to the Mediterranean and departed 26 May 1922.

Arriving at Constantinople 28 June, Edsall joined the U.S. Naval Detachment in Turkish Waters to protect American lives and interests. The Near East was in turmoil with civil strife in Russia and Greece at war with Turkey.

She did much for international relations by helping nations to alleviate postwar famine in eastern Europe, transporting American commercial operatives, evacuating refugees, furnishing a center of communications for the Near East, and standing by for emergencies. When the Turks expelled the Anatolian Greeks from Smyrna (Izmir), Edsall was one of the American destroyers which evacuated thousands. On 14 September 1922, she took 607 refugees [DD-219's Log states 664 persons were evacuated] off Litchfield in Smyrna and transported them to Salonika, returning to Smyrna 16 September to act as flagship for the naval forces there. In October she carried refugees from Smyrna to Mytilene on Lesbos Island. She made repeated visits to ports in Turkey, Bulgaria, Russia, Greece, Egypt, Mandate Palestine, Syria, Tunisia, Dalmatia, and Italy, and kept up gunnery and torpedo practice with her sisters until her return to Boston, Massachusetts for overhaul 26 July 1924.

Edsall sailed for the Asiatic Fleet 3 January 1925, joining in battle practice and maneuvers at Guantanamo Bay, San Diego, and Pearl Harbor before arriving Shanghai, 22 June. She was to become a fixture of the Asiatic Fleet on the China coast, in the Philippines and Japan. Her primary duty was protection of American interests in the Far East. She served during the civil war in China, and the early part of the Sino-Japanese War. Battle practice, maneuvers and diplomacy took her most frequently to Shanghai, Chefoo, Hankow, Hong Kong, Nanking, Kobe, Bangkok, and Manila. In late OCT 1927, for example, DD-219 visited the Siamese capital at Bangkok, and had three of the Royal Princesses aboard for tea. In return 'Edsall's' skipper (CDR Jules James, USNA 1908) was given an engraved silver cigarette case by the Royal Family.

Anden Verdenskrig

Da japanerne angreb Pearl Harbor 7. december 1941, Edsall was stationed with DesDiv 57 at the southeast Borneo oil port of Balikpapan. Enroute to Batavia (Djakarta) on 8 December [in the Far East] 1941 when word of the war was received, DesDiv 57 altered course to Singapore to act as ASW screen for Force Z. She embarked a British liaison officer and four men at Singapore from HMS Mauritius and was sent to search for survivors of HMS Prince of Wales og HMS Afvisning, sunk off Malaya on the 10th. She intercepted a Japanese fishing trawler, the Kofuku Maru (later renamed MV Krait and used in Australian Special Ops) with four small boats in tow and escorted them into Singapore before turning them over to HMAS Goulburn.

    • She and her division mates then joined the heavy cruiser USS Houston and other US units at Surabaya on 15 December 1941. Many would escort shipping retiring to the relative safety of Darwin, Australia.
    • During the first week of 1942 Edsall escorted the so-called Pensacola Convoy from Torres Strait back to Darwin.
    • Later, after fueling operations in the Lesser Sunda Islands, while conducting the oiler USS Treenighed to Darwin, she became the first U.S. destroyer to participate in the sinking of a full-sized enemy submarine in World War II. With three Australian corvettes (HMAS Deloraine, HMAS Lithgow, and HMAS Katoomba), Edsall helped sink the Japanese submarine I-124 on 20 January 1942, off Darwin. Contrary to rumor, this sunken submarine was never entered, nor were classified documents ever recovered from it.
    • Continuing to escort convoys in northern Australian waters, Edsall was damaged when one of her own depth charges exploded prematurely during an anti-submarine attack on 23 January 1942 in the shallow (8 fathom) Howard Channel.
    • On 3 February Edsall and other American units of ABDA moved up to Tjilatjap, Java in order to be closer to the combat theater and also to fuel stocks. She continued in her service as a patrol vessel off southern Java.
    • On Feb 23 she and the old gunboat USS Asheville operated off Tjilatjap as ASW patrols.
    • On 26 February she steamed from Tjilatjap with her sister ship USS Whipple to rendezvous with the converted seaplane tender USS Langley which was bringing in P-40E fighters and crews for the defense of Java.
    • On the 27th, the seaplane tender, along with Edsall og Whipple came under attack by sixteen (16) Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" bombers of the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service's Takao Kokutai, led by Lieutenant Jiro Adachi, flying out of Den Pasar airfield on Bali, and escorted by fifteen (15) A6M reisen krigere. The attack damaged Langley so severely that she had to be abandoned. Edsall picked up 177 survivors Whipple, 308.
    • On the 28th the two destroyers rendezvoused with the fuel ship USS Pecos off Flying Fish Cove, Christmas Island some 250 miles southwest of Tjilatjap. More Japanese bombers forced Edsall and the other ships to head for open sea. They headed directly south into the Indian Ocean for the rest of the 28th in high winds and heavy seas in the early pre-dawn hours of 1 March all Langley crew were transferred to Pecos.
    • This was completed between 0430 (USN/local time) and 0815 on 1 March. Whipple then set off for the Cocos I. as protection for the tanker Belita sent to meet her there Pecos, carrying about 700 survivors from Langley, Stewart og Houston, plus assorted stragglers, was ordered to Australia. Edsall had retained 32 USAAF personnel from Langley to be used to assemble and fly 27 P-40E fighters shipped to Tjilatjap aboard the transport Sea Witch. Edsall was instructed to return these "fighter crews" to the port.

    Following orders, at 0830 she reversed course, headed back to the NE for Java, and was never seen again by Allied forces.

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    Se videoen: Last Stand at Sea 1942 - The USS Edsall Mystery (Januar 2022).