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Satanisk panik fryser salg af heksefængsel

Satanisk panik fryser salg af heksefængsel


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Engang et fængsel for mennesker (mest kvinder) anklaget for trolddom, er det, der anses for at være Storbritanniens mest hjemsøgte hus, til salg - igen.

Kendt som "The Cage" i St Osyth, England, har denne historiske bygning været ejet af Vanessa Mitchell siden 2004. Efter at have været terroriseret af "onde ånder" flyttede hun ud i 2008 og har gentagne gange forsøgt at sælge ejendommen. Nu er det for tredje gang på markedet med en forespørgsel på £ 260.000 ($ 293.188).

Vanessa fortalte journalister i Clacton og Frinton Gazette, at hun i 2008 "flygtede fra huset, efter at hun fysisk blev angrebet af ånder." Hun hævder også, at hun var "plaget af spøgelsesagtige figurer", som hun siger skubbede hende over, mens hun var gravid, og at hun "var vidne til mystiske blodstænk". Ydermere hævder Vanessa, at hun ved en lejlighed blev "smækket i bunden af ​​en dæmonisk enhed", hvilket viser sig, at spøgelser har fungerende hormonelle systemer.

Undersøgelse af heksefængslet

Sommerhusets tidligste historie - eller The Cage - var, at den engang blev brugt til at holde fanger anklaget for trolddom. Mænd, kvinder og børn blev tilbageholdt i buret indtil 1908. Frinton-baseret ejendomsmægler Home Domus fortalte journalister i Clacton og Frinton Gazette: ”Buret er et af de mest berygtede og veldokumenterede hjemsøgte sommerhuse fra det 16. århundrede i Storbritannien, engang et middelalderfængsel, hvor 13 hekse blev holdt forud for retssagen, hvilket efterfølgende resulterede i tre hængninger. ”

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Heksefængslet holdt mænd, kvinder og børn, der afventer retssag. ( serpeblu / Adobe Stock)

I gavlenden af ​​sommerhuset er der en plaket, der beskriver den tragiske historie om Ursula Kemp, en kvinde i St. Osyth, der blev opfordret af hendes samfund til at helbrede syge mennesker, men faldt sammen med en kvinde fra en berygtet lokal familie. Kemps semi-mirakuløse helbredende evner var desværre rebet, som hun blev hængt med, og efter at hun blev fundet skyldig i trolddom i 1582 e.Kr., var det netop den skæbne, hun mødte.

Inden hun blev dømt og hængt, urlede Ursula Kemp og navngav en masse andre kvinder fra St. Osyth, som hun hævdede var hekse. De brød alle til gengæld ‘bro-koden’, og inden de tilstod navngav de alle flere hekse. Således i dette skæbnesvangre år oplevede paranoid satanisk panik i Chelmsford mange flere kvinder fra St. Osyth på retssag for hekseri. Ifølge en artikel om Mysterious Britain, "ti af disse kvinder blev anklaget for at" forhekse til døden "".

Uden for buret fører en muret gårdhave til "Coffin Alley", der nu er en lille passage, der løber langs ejendommen, men for længe siden fungerede som en "åndsvej", langs hvilken døde lig blev transporteret til kirkegården. Det bringer os perfekt til opdagelsen af ​​et skelet udgravet i St. Osyth i 1921, som umiddelbart blev antaget at have været Kemp, fordi det havde tegn på, at benene var blevet bundet i jernklemmer.

Buret blev sidst brugt som et heksefængsel i 1908. ( Højre bevægelse)

Gå ind, Heksejageren

Med det formål at indføre rationalitet og fornuft i opdagelsen af ​​det påståede "hekseskelet" i 2007 påpegede Dr. Alison Rowlands, en førende myndighed inden for hekseri fra Essex University, at "ti kvinder fra St. Osyth var blevet henrettet for hekseri". Som videnskabsmand beregnede Rowlands, at hvis det formodede skelet til Ursula Kemp var en heks, havde det kun en ud af ti chance for faktisk at være Kemp, fordi alle ti kvinder ville have været benklemt.

En artikel fra 2007 i The Daily Gazette med titlen ' St. Osyth: Hvilken heks er hvilken? 'fremhævede' Dr. Rowlands 'forskning, hvor hun hævdede, at skelettet, der blev fundet i en have i Mill Street i 1921, "måske ikke var" Kemp, der blev hængt efter en retssag i Chelmsford i 1582. Hun sagde: "To skeletter blev fundet, og der er mindst ti muligheder - fem, der døde i Chelmsford før heksekraftforsøg, samt tre kvinder, der blev prøvet som hekse i 1645. ”

Tilbage til buret

Det store spørgsmål, der er tilbage, er hvorfor ikke The Cage sælger? For at hjælpe med at fortrænge mørke kræfter og for at stimulere 'markedskræfter' hævder salgsagenten, "ånderne, herunder en satanisk udseende ged, er nu blevet overvundet", og de kan bekræfte, at "huset nu er blevet ryddet for mange onde beboere stødte på gennem årene. ”

Heksefængslet kendt som 'The Cage' er til salg. ( Højre bevægelse)

Agenten glæder sig over, at 500 års poltergeister og dæmonisk besiddelse nu er slut, siger "det er på tide, at en anden tager dette unikke bur, et af kun syv bure tilbage i landet, og ingen med ry for dette." "Det er stadig hjemsøgt", tilføjede agenten, "men der ser ud til at være en vis nyligt fundet harmoni indeni."

Men, men, men ... lærer, jeg har et spørgsmål. Se når folk ser spøgelser klædt i periodetøj, som det så ofte rapporteres i buret, hvor hekse og spektralfigurer fra 1400 -tallet rører mennesker; betyder det, at 'bomuld og læder' også har en sjæl, der bevarer deres materielle former efter døden? Hvordan sker det så? Lærer, lærer ... hej?


Til salg: 'Hjemsøgt' middelalderfængsel, der holdt anklagede hekse

En lille bygning i England, der engang var et middelalderligt fængsel for mennesker anklaget for trolddom, er nu et hyggeligt hjem, der har brug for en ejer.

Men potentielle købere bør advares: Den uhyggelige historie i det tidligere fængsel, kendt som "The Cage", har fået mange til at påstå, at huset er hjemsøgt, hvor nogle kalder det det mest hjemsøgte hus i England, det britiske ejendomsmæglerbureau Home Domus 360 skrev i en fortegnelse på Facebook.

"Med et ry, der tiltrækker tv -hold fra hele verden, kommer dette unikke sommerhus med 2 soveværelser til rådighed med mange fastboende spøgelser," sagde Home Domus 360 -repræsentanter på Facebook. [Black Magic: 6 berygtede hekseforsøg i historien]

Bygningen, der ligger i St. Osyth i Essex, Storbritannien, blev for nylig markedsført af ejeren Vanessa Mitchell, og det er tredje gang, at Mitchell har forsøgt at sælge The Cage siden han flyttede ud i 2008, ifølge det lokale nyhedsmedie The Clacton og Frinton Gazette. Mitchell flygtede angiveligt fra huset i 2004 og flyttede andre steder efter at have set "mystiske blodstænk" og blev "fysisk angrebet" af ondsindede spøgelser og mdash, hvoraf den ene var "en satanisk udseende ged", fortalte Mitchell til The Gazette.

Under hekseprocesserne i St. Osyth i 1582 blev 14 kvinder anklaget for hekseri-relaterede forbrydelser, for hvilke tre blev henrettet, rapporterede East Anglian Times. Under forsøgene blev kvinderne indkvarteret i The Cage. En af de anklagede, Ursula Kemp, var en lokal healer, der blev dømt til døden ved at hænge, ​​at hun mindes i en plakette, der hænger på en af ​​det tidligere fængsels vægge.

Kemp blev anklaget for at have trylleformularer, der førte til døden af ​​en nabos nyfødte. Hun anklagede derefter andre for at praktisere trolddom, og de beskyldte til gengæld endnu flere uheldige personer ifølge Times. Essex var et arnested for hekseri -forsøg i løbet af det 16. og 17. århundrede & mdash af de 112 hekse, der blev henrettet i England alene i 1640'erne, 82 blev dræbt i Essex, rapporterede Times.

I 1921 blev to kvindelige skeletter, der menes at være resterne af henrettede hekse & mdash, en af ​​dem angiveligt Kemp & mdash fundet i en St. Osyth -have under et byggeprojekt. Nogle af knoglerne syntes at have været gennemboret med søm, en almindelig praksis for døde hekse for at forhindre at deres ånder hjemsøger de levende, ifølge Times.

Prisforlangende for det angiveligt hjemsøgte tidligere fængsel er 240.000 pund ($ 305.478), ifølge Wales Online.


Grey Faction -rapport fra en “Ritual Abuse ” Satanic Panic Conference 2016

Denne artikel blev oprindeligt offentliggjort på Patheos juni 07,2016

Sidste måned, Det sataniske tempel Grå fraktion sendte observatører til en "Ritual Abuse" -konference i Oakland, Californien. Konferencen blev arrangeret af'Overlevelse', beskrives selv som "en af ​​de ældste og mest respekterede organisationer, der støtter overlevende efter ekstremt overgreb mod børn, herunder sadistiske seksuelle overgreb, ritualistiske overgreb, tankekontrol og tortur.”

“Overlevelse: For overlevende efter rituelt misbrug, sindskontrol og tortur”, læser webstedet i afsnittet "Ansvarsfraskrivelse", efter at have fritaget sig for ethvert ansvar i forbindelse med "kvaliteten af ​​eventuelle faglige ressourcer eller agenturer, der er anført."

På konferencen så Grey Faction -observatørerne på, hvordan autoriserede psykiatriske fagfolk kom med bisarre, irrationelle, paranoide påstande, såsom: (Læs resten her)


Blev hekse brændt på bålet under Salem Witch Trials?

I januar 1692 blev en gruppe unge piger i Salem Village, Massachusetts, fortæret af forstyrrende 𠇏its ” ledsaget af anfald, voldelige forstyrrelser og bloddæmpende skrig. En læge diagnosticerede børnene som ofre for sort magi, og i løbet af de næste flere måneder spredte beskyldninger om trolddom sig som en virus gennem den lille puritanske bosættelse. Tyve mennesker blev til sidst henrettet som hekse, men i modsætning til hvad mange tror, ​​blev ingen af ​​de dømte brændt på bålet. I overensstemmelse med engelsk lov blev 19 af ofrene for Salem Witch Trials i stedet taget til den berygtede Gallows Hill for at dø ved at hænge. Den ældre Giles Corey blev i mellemtiden presset ihjel med tunge sten, efter at han nægtede at komme med et uskyldigt eller skyldigt anbringende. Stadig flere anklagede troldmænd døde i fængsel mens de ventede på retssag.

Myten om forbrændinger på bålet i Salem er højst sandsynligt inspireret af europæiske hekseforsøg, hvor henrettelse ved brand var en foruroligende almindelig praksis. Middelalderlige lovkoder som Det Hellige Romerske Rige ’s 𠇌onstitutio Criminalis Carolina ” foreskrev, at ondsindet hekseri skulle straffes med ild, og kirkeledere og lokale regeringer havde tilsyn med afbrænding af hekse på tværs af dele af det moderne Tyskland, Italien, Skotland, Frankrig og Skandinavien. Historikere har siden anslået, at heksejagthysteriet, der toppede mellem det 15. og 18. århundrede, så omkring 50.000 mennesker henrettet som hekse i Europa. Mange af disse ofre blev først hængt eller halshugget, men deres kroppe blev typisk forbrændt bagefter for at beskytte mod trolddom efter døden. Andre dømte hekse var stadig i live, da de stod over for flammerne, og fik lov til at udholde en ulidelig død ved at brænde og indånde giftige dampe.


Salem Witch Trials: Konklusion og arv

Selvom den respekterede minister Cotton Mather havde advaret om den tvivlsomme værdi af spektrale beviser (eller vidnesbyrd om drømme og visioner), gik hans bekymringer stort set uden hensyn til hekseforsøgene i Salem. Forøgelse Mather, formand for Harvard College (og Cotton ’s far) sluttede sig senere til sin søn og opfordrede til, at bevisstandarderne for hekseri skal være lig med dem for enhver anden kriminalitet, og konkluderede, at det ville være bedre, at ti formodede hekse kan slippe end én uskyldig person skal fordømmes. ” Midt i aftagende offentlig støtte til retssagerne opløste guvernør Phips Oyer- og Terminer -domstolen i oktober og pålagde dens efterfølger at se bort fra spektrale beviser. Retssagerne fortsatte med svindende intensitet indtil begyndelsen af ​​1693, og da havde Phips benådet og løsladt alle dem, der sad i fængsel på grund af trolddom.

I januar 1697 erklærede Massachusetts -domstolen en fastedag for tragedien i Salem -hekseprocesserne, som retten senere anså retssagerne for ulovlige, og den ledende dommer Samuel Sewall undskyldte offentligt for hans rolle i processen. Skaderne for samfundet blev imidlertid hængende, selv efter at Massachusetts Colony vedtog lovgivning, der genoprettede de dømmes gode navne og gav deres arvinger økonomisk restitution i 1711. Den levende og smertefulde arv fra hekseprocesserne i Salem varede langt ind i det 20. århundrede , da Arthur Miller dramatiserede begivenhederne i 1692 i sit spil “The Crucible ” (1953) og brugte dem som en allegori for de antikommunistiske “witch jagter ” ledet af senator Joseph McCarthy i 1950'erne.


Tidligere heksefængsel og 'Mest hjemsøgte hus i Essex' til salg i England

Et tidligere middelalderlig heksefængsel og angiveligt hjemsøgt hus kendt som 'The Cage' er til salg nær St. Osyth, Essex i England.

St. Osyth Witches, som de er kendt, omfattede fjorten kvinder anklaget for hekseri, selvom kun to kvinder blev henrettet - Ursula Kemp og Elizabeth Bennet blev hængt i 1582.

Kemp, en jordemoder og healer, hvis ry for at kunne fortryde forbandelser forårsaget af hekseri kan have været hendes fortrydelse, var den første kvinde anklaget.

Kemps egen otte-årige søn blev tvunget til at vidne mod hende, og han ville sandsynligvis have sagt sit sidste farvel til sin mor i huset. Det var ikke ualmindeligt, at de overlevende børn af kvinder, der blev henrettet for hekseri, blev overladt til sig selv, og de døde ofte af sult og omsorgssvigt. Nogle mener, at hans ånd er blandt dem, der hjemsøger hjemmet.

Det menes også, at Kemps lig er et af to, der blev fundet begravet på ejendommen i 1921.

Nuværende ejer Vanessa Mitchell købte huset i 2004, og har siden hævdet at have oplevet en række forskellige paranormale fænomener, herunder at blive angrebet og ramt af en usynlig kraft, få håret trukket, besøgende skubbet ned ad trappen, objekter, der bevæger sig på egen hånd og dørhåndtag rasler, vandhaner tænder sig, blod dukker op på gangen, forstyrrende fremtoninger og endda udseende af en satanisk ged.

Huset er opført til salg af Rightmove, der annoncerer ejendommen som "et godt forretningsforslag til en særlig 'paranormal' sommerhusudlejning", da det er det "mest hjemsøgte hus i Essex og muligvis England."

"De overtroiske blandt jer vil sandsynligvis tænke to gange om selv at sætte fod i ejendommen, endsige at ville bo der," sagde Rightmove ejendomsekspert Miles Shipside. »Bygningen har bestemt en unik atmosfære, men jeg vil overlade til andre at afgøre, om det er på grund af paranormal aktivitet eller ej. Ejendommen i sig selv er et charmerende sommerhus i en typisk engelsk landsby, så hvis hjemmejægere kan komme forbi hullet omkring dens ternede fortid, er jeg sikker på, at det ville gøre et meget hyggeligt hjem for nogen. ”

Rightmove underholder i øjeblikket ethvert tilbud over $ 305.683.

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Skeptics Society & amp Skeptic magazine

Et s 2020 nærmer sig sin afslutning, og COVID-19-pandemien fortsætter, en hurtigt voksende konspirationsteori til højre dominerer i stigende grad overskrifter. QAnon er en online-mytologi fra en mængde, der er inspireret af kryptiske anonyme internetindlæg, der siden 2017 har vist sig fra en ukendt figur (eller gruppe) kendt som "Q" eller "Q Clearance Patriot." Det er en udvidet efterfølger til den afkræftede "Pizzagate" -konspirationsteori fra 2016, der hævdede, at Hillary Clinton og andre fremtrædende demokrater betjente en ring med sexhandel for børn under et pizzeria i Washington, DC kaldet Comet Ping Pong. QAnon er også forankret i meget ældre mytologier om skumle hemmelige samfund af satan -tilbedere, hekse eller jøder.

QAnon -troende mener, at vores moderne verden i al hemmelighed er styret af en "kabal" eller "dyb tilstand" af tegnefilmede onde ondskabsmænd, der er skjult i almindeligt syn. "Hver præsident efter Reagan var en af ​​disse dybe statsforbrytere," hævder troende. 1 Faktisk er de fleste "berømte politikere, skuespillere, sangere, administrerende direktører og berømtheder" angiveligt en del af kabalen. For eksempel menes underholdere Beyoncé Knowles-Carter, Lady Gaga og Tom Hanks alle at være fremtrædende medlemmer. Obamas og Clintons er angiveligt skumle kaballedere.

Disse kriminelle er ikke kun dårlige, grådige eller hensynsløse. De siges at være bevidst, totalt, betagende onde. De tilbeder Satan og kan være i forbund med overnaturlige dæmoner. De misbruger, torturerer og myrder børn systematisk. De er pædofile. De opretholder deres ungdom gennem berusende injektioner af blod, der drænes fra børn, der er rituelt myrdet i øjeblikket med maksimal terror. Kabalen spiser også babyer.

For at bevare magten kontrollerer kabalen alle almindelige nyhedsmedier og ingeniører alle de sygdomme, der plager det moderne samfund. Som en forførende introduktionsvideo 2 spørger nysgerrige seere,

Har du nogensinde undret dig over, hvorfor vi går i krig? Eller hvorfor synes du aldrig at være i stand til at komme ud af gælden? Hvorfor er der fattigdom, splittelse og kriminalitet? Hvad hvis jeg fortalte dig, at der var en grund til det hele? Hvad hvis jeg fortalte dig, at det var sket med vilje?

Ideen om, at satanister styrer verden, er en historie om lovecraftiansk rædsel, hvor den normale verden er en illusion og en meget mørkere sand verden ligger lige uden for sløret. Og alligevel er QAnon -troende mere begejstrede end bange. Folk, der "tager den røde pille" eller "vågner" til den påståede sammensværgelse, tilbydes en simpel forklaring på alle verdens problemer. De tilbydes også en betryggende forudsigelse for en bedre fremtid:

Hvad hvis jeg fortalte dig, at dem, der ødelagde verden, forgiftede vores mad og antændte konflikter, selv var ved at blive udryddet permanent fra Jorden?

Ifølge QAnons mytologi vil en apokalyptisk begivenhed kaldet "The Storm" snart rense verden og indlede et utopi. Den usandsynlige frelser i denne historie om åbenbaring og fornyelse er ingen ringere end præsident Donald J. Trump. "Gode patrioter i det amerikanske militær" bad angiveligt "Trump om at stille op som præsident, så de kunne tage kontrollen over Amerika tilbage" fra de sataniske herrer. Denne retfærdige kamp er det sande formål med Trump -administrationen. "Verden oplever i øjeblikket en dramatisk skjult krig af bibelske proportioner - bogstaveligt talt kampen for Jorden - mellem kræfterne mellem godt og ondt," hævder troende. 1 Ledetråde om fremdriften i denne hemmelige krig findes i "Q drop" -indlæg af den anonyme Q og i Trumps mere kryptiske udsagn og stavefejl. Kritiske nyhedshistorier om Trump er sataniske løgne.

Da han blev spurgt om QAnon, adskilte Trump sig og beskrev QAnon -troende som "mennesker, der elsker vores land" og "kan lide mig meget, hvilket jeg værdsætter." Da han blev bedt om under et tv-rådhusinterview før valget at fordømme påstanden om, at "Demokrater er en satanisk pædofilring, og at du er frelseren," nægtede Trump at gøre det. Da den ophidsede moderator Savannah Guthrie pressede Trump til at indrømme, at hans politiske modstandere ikke er djæveldyrkende børnemishandlere, insisterede Trump: "Det ved jeg ikke, og det ved du heller ikke." 3

QAnon er stort set forenelig med enhver konspirationstro, man tilfældigvis har angående vacciner, Covid-19, falske nyheder, jøder, vampirisme, en ny verdensorden, Vatikanet, dybe statssammensværgere, "falsk flag" -fup, hvid nationalisme, immigranter eller praktisk talt alt andet.

Med Trumps stiltiende opmuntring ser QAnon -samfundet ivrigt frem til et øjeblik kaldet "Great Awakening", hvor de gode patrioter vil afsløre alt og Trump vil forsegle sin sejr med massearrester af højtstående embedsmænd. Hillary Clinton og alle de andre påståede satanister vil blive "hårdt straffet". Som en QAnon YouTube -personlighed sprang: ”Jeg er begejstret. Jeg er glad! ... Når du kender oplysningerne, er du ikke bange for, at du er som bemyndiget! Du er spændt. Du kan ikke vente på, at retfærdigheden falder, du kan ikke vente på, at børnene bliver reddet, du kan ikke vente på, at de onde bliver sat i fængsel. ” 4

Kraften ved QAnon

Den anonyme Q påstår at være en højt placeret amerikansk efterretningsofficer, der deler klassificeret intern viden. Q's indlæg giver fragmenteret kildemateriale om "pedonetværk", "bortførelser af børn for sataniske ritualer" og den formodede kamp mod "denne mørke verdens magter og mod ondskabens åndelige kræfter i himmelen." Imidlertid er stilen på disse indlæg generelt uigennemsigtig, vag og stillet i form af insinuerende spørgsmål. De kaldes "brødsmuler" og kræver kreativ, samarbejdstolkning af QAnon -samfundet, så entusiaster kan udfylde felterne for sig selv.

Resultatet er en viral, organisk, folkemængde-ideologi, der kan strække sig til at rumme en bred mangfoldighed af konspiratoriske synspunkter. Det er også fleksibelt nok til at tillade troende at afvise Qs mislykkede forudsigelser og skiftende påstande. (F.eks. Forudsagde Qs tidligste stillinger i oktober 2017 den forestående anholdelse af Hillary Clinton, som ikke fandt sted.)

QAnon er fremstået som en stor samlet konspirationsteori. QAnon er stort set kompatibel med enhver konspirationstro, man tilfældigvis har med hensyn til vacciner, Covid-19, falske nyheder, jøder, vampirisme, en ny verdensorden, Vatikanet, dybe statssammensvorne, "falsk flag" -fup, hvid nationalisme, immigranter eller praktisk talt alt andet. QAnon fungerer som en slags lim, der fremmer og binder tilsyneladende ikke -beslægtede konspirationsteorier. Når folk nærmer sig sociale medier med nysgerrighed vedrørende én konspirationskrav (at vacciner f.eks. Forårsager autisme), fremmer disse platformes anbefalingsalgoritmer ofte QAnon -indhold, der lokker seerne til yderligere konspirationstro.

Denne fleksibilitet gør det muligt for QAnon at appellere til såvel verdslige mennesker som fundamentalistiske "åndelige krigere". Det er i stand til at tiltrække mennesker, som vi normalt ville forvente at afvise yder-højre holdninger. For eksempel oplever nogle mennesker i "wellness" -samfundet, at deres tvivl om vacciner og almindelig medicin harmonerer med QAnons afvisning af almindelige medier og folkesundhed. I QAnons bizarre smeltedigel støtter New Age hippier en republikansk præsident, vedtager radikale libertariske indsigelser mod pandemiske sikkerhedsforanstaltninger og hjælper med at opildne lidenskaberne fra yderste højre "milits" -medlemmer og hvide nationalister.

Farlige overbevisninger

Mens jeg skriver dette, konfronterer USA flere alvorlige og gensidigt sammensatte kriser: en vildt splittet vælgere en hidtil uset masseprotest ved præsidentvalget mod racemæssig uretfærdighed en alvorlig økonomisk recession omfattende arbejdsløshed en pandemi, der allerede har krævet 223.000 amerikanske liv og den eskalerende trussel om hvid nationalistisk indenlandsk terrorisme til højre og Antifa-drevne voldelige protester til venstre. Disse kriser skabte QAnon. Til gengæld gør QAnon disse kriser værre.

Pandemien har kastet jetbrændstof på QAnon -ilden og bragt utallige nye troende til. Disse troende har en tendens til at fortolke Covid-19 som en eller anden måde, der tjener dagsordenen for den sataniske elite. Q antyder, at pandemien er en del af et komplot om at stjæle valget fra Trump ved at fremme brugen af ​​mail-in stemmesedler. Andre medlemmer af samfundet gør indsigelse mod Covid-19 sikkerhedsforanstaltninger såsom masker. For eksempel har en kvinde, der tidligere lavede overskrifter med sin QAnon, påstået, at skuespilleren Tom Hanks "købte mig af min far for sex som en dissocieret mind control dukke", for nylig har hævdet "masker er tankekontrol" og "mandatmasker er satanisk." Hun argumenterer i en YouTube -video, at masker er en del af en "gigantisk satanisk ritualindvielse" beregnet til "ondskab og kontrol, periode." 5

QAnon -påstande er tilskyndelser til vold. De har allerede udløst isolerede voldelige hændelser, herunder en væbnet stand -off ved Hoover -dæmningen og mindst et mord. QAnon -medlemmer forventer yderligere vold og civil uro under styrtet af den formodede kabal. Af denne grund har FBI advaret om, at QAnon og andre "anti-regerings-, identitetsbaserede og kantede politiske konspirationsteorier" sandsynligvis vil "motivere nogle indenlandske ekstremister ... til at begå kriminel og undertiden voldelig aktivitet." Ydermere opfordrer QAnon til at målrette mod bestemte personer, der er anklaget for medlemskab af kabalen. "Disse mål udsættes derefter for chikane -kampagner og trusler fra tilhængere af teorien," advarer FBI, "og bliver sårbare over for vold eller andre farlige handlinger."

Især bekymrende er muligheden for QAnon-motiveret vold under eller efter det amerikanske præsidentvalg i 2020. Folk radikaliserede til troen på, at offentlige personer er tjenere for Satan, udgør naturligvis en trussel - især når præsidenten selv æggede ham på det. Når den opfattede fjende betragtes som elementært ond, og det antages, at verdens fremtid er på spil, kan de mest ekstreme foranstaltninger synes rimelige for engagerede troende.

I de seneste måneder har denne stigende trussel motiveret sociale medier til at tage usædvanlige skridt til at bekæmpe QAnon. Facebook har annonceret en serie af "tiltag, der er designet til at forstyrre QAnons og militariserede sociale bevægelsers evne til at operere og organisere på vores platform", herunder fjernelse af "over 1.500 sider og grupper til QAnon, der indeholder diskussioner om potentiel vold." Facebook udvidede senere sine begrænsninger for konspirationsgruppen og meddelte: "vi fjerner alle Facebook -sider, grupper og Instagram -konti, der repræsenterer QAnon, selvom de ikke indeholder voldeligt indhold." Twitter og YouTube har for nylig taget lignende skridt.

QAnon er dog vokset siden 2017. Meget af skaden er allerede sket. Undersøgelser tyder på, at omkring 23 millioner amerikanere har en "meget gunstig" eller "noget gunstig" opfattelse af QAnon. Større procenter er parate til at acceptere individuelle QAnon -krav. For eksempel var 18 procent af de adspurgte i en undersøgelse enige om, at det "sandsynligvis eller helt sikkert er sandt", at Trump i hemmelighed forbereder sig på en "massearrest af embedsmænd og berømtheder." Selvom nogle af disse adspurgte for første gang hørte denne påstand om "massearrestationer" fra selve undersøgelsen, tyder dette fund på, at næsten 60 millioner amerikanere kunne blive modtagelige for denne i det væsentlige fascistiske QAnon -påstand. 6

Genanvendt antisemitisme

QAnons ekstremistiske påstande er bestemt mærkelige, men det gør dem ikke originale. QAnon ompakker i vid udstrækning ældre konspirationstro fra årtier og endda århundreder.

For eksempel tror troen på, at skæve elitedukkemestre kontrollerer bankerne og medierne, bare trætte, men farlige antisemitiske troper. Scenariet, som QAnon forestillede sig, afspejler det berygtede antisemitiske hoax fra begyndelsen af ​​det 20. århundrede, Zions ældres protokoller. Det ondsindede dokument påstod at registrere en hemmelig jødisk plan om at overtage verden og undertrykke hedninger. Den jødiske elite ville opnå "absolut despotisme" over alle nationer ved at kontrollere bankerne og pressen. Selvom de blev diskrediteret som en plagiatfalske forfalskning i 1921, fortsatte protokollernes hoax med at påvirke Adolf Hitler og hans naziregime. Hitler hævdede Protokoller var autentiske og sagde, at de afslørede den sande "natur og aktivitet i det jødiske folk og ... deres endelige endelige mål." I betragtning af denne blod-gennemblødte historie er det bemærkelsesværdigt, at QAnon hævder, at fremtrædende jødiske amerikanere som George Soros er hemmelige despotiske herskere på Jorden.

Konceptuelt strækker QAnons antisemitiske rødder sig meget længere tilbage til den middelalderlige "blod injurier", som jøder rituelt myrdede og spiste kristne børn. Disse vildt farlige falske påstande havde frygtelige og forudsigelige virkelige konsekvenser: sporadiske massakrer på europæiske jøder.

Satanisk panik

QAnon genopretter også afkrævede gamle påstande om kulter fra Satanic Ritual Abuse, der igen var baseret på renæssancens påstande om uhyggelige hemmelige hekser. QAnons forestillede satanskabal er i det væsentlige identisk med netværket af højt placerede satanister forestillet sig under satanisk panik i 1980'erne - især i deres fælles påstande om systematisk rituelt misbrug af børn.

Satanic Panic blev antændt af en bizar memoir kaldet Michelle husker. Udgivet i 1980 fortæller den den angiveligt sande (men senere diskrediterede) historie om en pige, der rituelt blev tortureret i flere måneder af en satansk kult. Historien dukkede op under intense terapisessioner, hvor den voksne Michelle blev presset til at "genoprette" stadig mere skæve "minder" om hendes formodede barndomsprøve - falske minder, der ikke tidligere eksisterede.

Bogens påstande var ikke sande, men de var skrækkelige. Michelle angiveligt udholdt ritualiseret ydmygelse og seksuelt misbrug. I den ene passage dyppede en kvinde iført en "sort kappe med en hætte" en farvet pind i en "sølvkop og indsatte" pinden "i Michelles endetarm." Kvinden skubbede andre pinde "overalt, hvor jeg havde en åbning!" Flere scener indeholder døde, myrdede eller sønderdelte børn og spædbørn. I bogens grusomme, absurde klimaks fremstår Satan selv som en karakter. Han reciterer dårlig poesi og tager imod hyldest fra kulten, herunder tilbud fra døde spædbørn "i en bunke ved hans fødder." 7

Denne lurede fortælling viste sig meget mere indflydelsesrig end den fortjente. Det skabte et "script" til utallige senere påstande om satanisk overgreb på børn. Mange vildledende terapeuter pressede deres egne patienter til at "genoprette" historier som Michelles. Disse kopieringshistorier blev derefter gentaget i bøger, workshops og tv -interviews for at styrke den moralske paniks standardfortællingsskabelon: skjulte legioner af satanister misbruger i hemmelighed tusinder af børn. Bøger advarede om det "stadigt voksende web, der bliver spundet af dem, der ønsker at føre dine børn ind i satanisme." Ensnarede unge kunne lide "alle former for seksuelle perversioner", "seksuelle orgier, der involverede børn og dyr", 8 og endda menneskelige ofre og kannibalisering af spædbørn.

Ingen af ​​disse Sataniske overgrebshistorier var sande. Års efterforskning foretaget af journalister og retshåndhævelse kunne ikke afsløre selv en enkelt ægte sag. Ikke desto mindre førte den resulterende internationale panik til talrige falske anklager mod enkeltpersoner, hvoraf nogle blev prøvet og fejlagtigt dømt for imaginære forbrydelser mod børn.

Covens of Witches

Set i bakspejlet, Michelle husker var tydeligt inspireret af fantastiske gyserfilm skildringer af djævel tilbedere. Disse film blev igen inspireret af århundreder gammel folklore.

Det blev udbredt opfattelse i renæssancetiden, at samfundet var plaget af skjulte hekser, der tilbad Satan og sammensværgede mod kristne. Heksene skulle være fuldstændig, usigeligt onde. "Så grusomme er heksers forbrydelser, at de endda overstiger synderne og de onde engles fald," sagde den berygtede heksejagtmanual Malleus Maleficarum ("Hammer af hekse"). Manualen hævdede, at hekse “har for vane at fortære og spise spædbørn”. For example, one man allegedly “missed his child from its cradle, and finding a congress of women in the night-time, swore that he saw them kill his child and drink its blood and devour it.” The witches were also “taught by the devil to confect from the limbs of such children an unguent which is very useful for their spells.”

The threat of pure evil justified even the most extreme measures to protect society. Suspected witches were brutally tortured until they told the expected stories that interrogators wanted to hear. When they inevitably did so, they were burned to death. Their extorted false “confessions” appeared to confirm the beliefs of the witch hunters,and justified further attacks on innocent people—usually the most vulnerable, such as destitute women and the mentally ill. Many thousands of innocent people were murdered in the name of this conspiracy theory.

QAnon Will Not “Save” Children

President Trump has claimed that QAnon believers “are very much against pedophilia. They fight it very hard.” QAnon does indeed rally under a banner to “save the children!” However, both Trump and QAnon are mistaken. QAnon isn’t doing anything at all to fight pedophiles. They’re railing against imaginary witches.

One of the tragedies of the Satanic Panic of the 1980s was that it created confusion and diverted attention and law enforcement resources away from the genuine social evil of child sexual abuse. The people locked up for Satanic sexual abuse were innocent. People guilty of actual sexual abuse all too often went unpunished.

In an effort to protect children, moral campaigners in the 1980s led crusades against supposedly Satanic music, role-playing games, Disney movies, and young adult fiction. Their pamphlets and seminars taught law enforcement officers to look for imaginary signs of imaginary abuse by imaginary cults. Supposed signs of Satanic cult activity included everything from teenaged boredom to the hippie “peace” symbol. 9 Activists and counsellors accomplished nothing for children with their bad advice about nonexistent threats. They did nothing to bring criminals to justice. Instead, they sent police on wild goose chases, left children in the hands of misguided, overzealous investigators, and ruined the lives of innocent people who were falsely accused.

Likewise, QAnon’s baseless accusations against Democrats and celebrities will not help children. Like the moral crusaders of the Satanic Panic, QAnon imagines that perpetrators of both genders conspire in a vast national network, abduct children, and gather in groups to commit abuse for ritual purposes. In reality, child molesters are most often lone males who are known to their victims and motivated by pathological sexual desires.

Instead of saving children, QAnon’s incitements to violence put children and adults in danger. On December 4, 2016, an armed gunman walked into the Comet Ping Pong pizza parlor intending to rescue children from Hillary Clinton’s alleged child sex trafficking ring located in the basement…of a building that does not have a basement. Despite internet rumors, the only children in the pizzeria were customers. Those kids were placed in jeopardy when the wouldbe rescuer fired three shots from an AR-15 rifle. Thankfully, no one was hurt. (The man surrendered to police. He was later sentenced to four years in prison.)

The threat of QAnon-motivated domestic terrorism diverts law enforcement resources from real problems. Every minute cops spend watching QAnon is a minute not spent investigating other crimes—including abuse against children.

Konklusion

QAnon’s conspiracy claims are not based in fact. The anonymous Q poster could be anyone from an overseas “troll farm” to a teenaged prankster. Q’s claims are frequently meaningless or factually wrong. There was never any good reason to believe this absurd story.

However, some people do believe it, to their own detriment and ours. Intense fringe beliefs tend to harm believers by isolating them from friends and loved ones. In this case, the content of their beliefs also threatens society at large. It is dangerous when groups are radicalized to perceive their adversaries as irredeemably evil. What wouldn’t one do to stop people who eat babies? As one former QAnon member recently told CNN, it “still bothers me to this day, how willing and happy and joyfully I would have reacted to something that I would normally want no part in,” such as cheering for the extralegal arrest of Hillary Clinton. “This is how you get good people to do bad things.” 10

Eliminating QAnon’s threat to society would take more than watchful cops and social media bans. It would require QAnon supporters to change their minds about a cherished belief and a community they’ve invested in heavily. Admitting serious error is an extraordinarily difficult and courageous thing for anyone to do. Generous, respectful, personal outreach can sometimes help shaming will not. Believers need support if they are to have any hope of transitioning away from their misguided movement. “It has to start with empathy and understanding,” the former QAnon member told CNN. QAnon believers are highly insulated from contrary information by their beliefs that news media are untrustworthy and nonbelievers are blind to the truth. True communication can only take place when barriers to communication are removed through compassion.

That’s easier said than done. However, there’s urgent reason to try. Conspiracy theories thrive most dangerously during times of uncertainty and societal stress—such as during a pandemic. During the medieval Black Death, conspiracy theorists claimed that Jews were secretly causing the plague by poisoning wells. As a result, mob violence erupted across Europe. Hundreds of Jewish communities were wiped out many thousands of men, women, and children were burned to death.

Another pandemic rages today. As millions suffer and mourn and political divides deepen into chasms, one simple truth can help make us safer: we are in this thing together.

Om forfatteren

Daniel Loxton was a professional shepherd for nine years before he became editor of Junior Skeptic. He illustrates and authors most of the current Junior Skeptic materiale. He wrote and illustrated the best selling award-winning Evolution: How All Living Things Came to Be, and the award winning children’s three book Tales of Prehistoric Life Serie.


Satanic Panic: America’s War On Heavy Metal in the 1980’s

In 1966, the advent of the Church of Satan would mark a shift in societal attitudes. Upon its creation, founder Anton LaVey declared “Annos Satanas,’’ – the first year in the “Age of Satan.’’ All of a sudden, a once feared, taboo belief system had ingrained itself in the public consensus, and its appeal extended to rock stars and celebrities whose participation in the movement would make it mainstream. However, the popularity of the Church of Satan was just one of a few countercultures shifting away from traditional, religious and wholly conservative attitudes. It is also worth noting that the Civil Rights Movement was ongoing, rock n’ roll music was massively popular and the hippies were spawning all over the world particularly in America. The Church of Satan was merely a reflection of a society rejecting traditional values – well, a portion of society anyway.

With the rise of these movements came the response of the traditionalists who weren’t too pleased with the proposed change in norms. But the notion of Satanism was an especially terrifying one for them, to say the least. On top of the Church of Satan, the atrocities committed by Charles Manson and the Family helped instill a widespread fear of emerging countercultures across America. Throughout the 1970’s, Satanic panic was already being churned out by evangelists, but it wasn’t until the following decade where it would be given its label and become a catastrophic phenomenon.

In 1980, a book was published that would usher in a series of ritual abuse claims that would bedevil the decade. Co-authored by psychiatrist Lawrence Panzer and his patient Michelle Smith (whom the book is based on and he’d later marry), the faux-autobiography Michelle Remembers would bring allegations developed by religious fundamentalists pertaining to cults and ritual abuse to the forefront of mainstream media, and during the following years it would provide a model for similar cases to arise.

The book itself is just ridiculous. It documents Michelle’s “repressed’’ memories that were recovered during therapy sessions under Panzer. Most of the stories involve scenarios that wouldn’t feel out of place in a B-grade exploitation movie of the time period, and there are even cameos from Jesus, the Virgin Mary and Archangel Michael – who all appeared to save Michelle from a ritual attended by Satan himself. The holy trinity then erased her terrible memories and scars until the time was right. In 2016, Michelle Remembers would be dismissed as a horror pulp novel full of cheap schlock and outlandish fantasy, but back then it was accepted as clinical fact and used as a guide by law enforcement, courts, medical professionals and concerned citizens. In 1984, Pazder would serve as a consultant during the McMartin preschool trial, which would last for six years and – like his book – was debunked.

However, at the time, the McMartin trial sent alarm bells ringing throughout the country, as the accusations involved nursery children being sexually abused by day care workers who were supposedly part of a Satanic cult. Of course, such claims must be investigated, but the allegations also included witches flying on broomsticks and Chuck Norris being a member of the sect. When the trial ended in 1990 – with no criminal convictions made – it was the most expensive in American history. Michelle Remembers and the McMartin pre-school trial are perhaps the most famous reflections of the ritual abuse allegations which beset 1980’s with moral panic, but they weren’t the only circumstances to create Satanic anxiety throughout America, and naturally it spilled into pop culture – cinema, video games, board games, and of course, heavy metal music.

In the summer of 1984, 17-year old drug dealer and self-professed Satanist, Ricky Kasso, murdered his friend Gary Lauwers in the woods of Newport, New York while high on mescaline. According to the coroner’s report, Kasso allegedly stabbed his friend 36 times and sliced out his eyes, which led to media propagation that the murder was ritualistic in nature. Jimmy Troiano and Albert Quinones, who were friends of Kasso and Lauwers, were also present at the crime and told police that Kasso commanded Lauwers to say, “Say you love Satan” before he took his life Lauwers replied with, “I love my mother.” For weeks following the murder, Kasso would lead local teens into the woods to show them the body and brag. He told some that he killed Lauwers because Satan told him to he believed that the Devil had manifested in the form of a black crow, and when its caw coincided with Kasso asking if he should take Lauwers life, he interpreted it as Satan’s approval.

For months afterwards, the media presented Kasso as a Satanist who was part of a cult, further fuelling the hysteria that was engulfing America. The “Knights of the Black Circle” was supposedly the name of the sect Kasso had been a part of, although there was no evidence to suggest anything of the sort. A press release following the incident was released by Suffolk County Police claimed that Kasso regularly partook in rituals honouring the Devil the notion that Kasso was a devil-worshipper was further backed up by his own father, who claimed his son was obsessed with reading about witchcraft and wearing apparel featuring Satanic symbols. On the day Kasso was arrested, he was wearing an AC/DC shirt for instance – and this led to the inevitable association between heavy metal and his atrocities by the media vultures, religious figures and concerned parents looking for a scapegoat. He would kill himself in prison under 48 hours later.

As Kasso was a heavy metal fan – particularly Ozzy Osbourne og Judas Priest – it didn’t take long for the association to be made. But it wasn’t the only atrocity to be linked with heavy music and the artists making it. In 1988, a Geraldo Rivera documentary called Devil Worship: Exposing Satan’s Underground aired which depicted metalheads as blood drinking, grave robbing, sacrilegious hooligans. It then went on to discuss a series of murders involving young people linked with devil-worship. The most notorious of them all was Thomas Sullivan, a 14-year old who stabbed his mother to death, and just so happened to be a fan of Black Sabbath (a common theme among the crimes of this ilk Rivera used for his agenda). Ozzy Osbourne would also appear as a guest via satellite, and when asked about the connection between his music and a number of the crimes that had been mentioned, he was more or less cut off before he could give a substantial defence.

If anything, Exposing Satan’s Underground is a good starting point if you want to see every crime involving young people media could tie to Satan catalogued under the umbrella of propaganda television. There is no denying that some of the culprits were metal fans who just so happened to be fascinated with Satan, but issues such a mental health and home life were ignored in favour of sensationalist fear mongering.

The fear that heavy metal contained lyrics which encouraged people to do bad things was never the more prevalent in 1985 when 20-year old James Vance tried to sue Judas Priest. After a night of partying, Vance and his friend, 18-year Raymond Belknap, headed for a local playground and shot themselves. Belknap wouldn’t survive the incident, but Vance would and go on to file a lawsuit against Judas Priest as he claimed the subliminal messaging within their Stained Glass album drove him to the act. Ultimately, the band and their record label would avoid any legal responsibility for the tragedy, but not even empirical evidence was enough to convince concerned parents and moral campaigners that subliminal messages promoting suicide and devil-worship weren’t possessing the heavy metal records kids were listening to.

In 1985, a committee known as the Parents Music Resource Center, spearheaded by Tipper Gore, made up a playlist of songs they deemed inappropriate. The list, dubbed “The Filthy 15”, was used to serve as a template for proposed legislation regarding how albums should be rated, suggesting that they should come with extra warnings if the content pertained to sex, violence, drugs/alcohol or the occult. Of the fifteen songs, nine were metal, including: Judas Priest’s “Eat Me Alive,” Motley Crue’s “Bastard,” AC/DC’s “Let Me Put My Love Into You,” Twisted Sister’s “We’re Not Gonna Take It,” W.A.S.P’s “Animal (Fuck Like a Beast), Def Leppard’s “High ‘n Dry,” Mercyful Fate’s “Into the Coven,” Black Sabbath’s “Thrashed,” and Venom’s “Possessed.” However, what’s interesting is how much they failed to capitalize on the mass Satanic hysteria as much as they could have for example, they chose an AC/DC song with sexual lyrics, as opposed to say, “Highway to Hell” or “Hell’s Bells,” which were two of the bands biggest hits, could be interpreted as occult-themed, and connected to Richard “Nightstalker” Ramirez, the Satanic serial killer whose murder spree terrorised the Greater Los Angeles until the summer of the year this hearing was held. The fact Ramirez also showed up to court with a pentagram carved into his own flesh should been enough to associate the band with Satanism.

That said, AC/DC didn’t escape the controversy of Ramirez’s heinous acts. Their song “Night Prowler” was accused of being an inspiration for Ramierz even though the song is about a guy who sneaks into his girlfriend’s room at night when her parents are asleep for some canoodling, the scapegoat-hungry media pounced on the connection and threw the band to the wolves, content to blame them for something they had nothing at all to do with. Headlines even accused the band’s initials to mean “Anti-Christ/Devil’s Child” while they milked Ramirez’s fandom of the band for all it was worth.

Anyway, back to the “Filthy 15” fiasco. During the Senate hearings, some of metal and rocks most controversial figures at the time appeared to defend the genre’s honour. Frank Zappa appeared in a suit, while Dee Snider showed up looking like he’d just rolled out of a tour bus, only to shock – and anger – the court with his intelligent rebuts to their accusations. It’s a very entertaining watch to see Al Gore fuming at Snider’s criticism of the Declaration of Independence, when he claimed that was more violent than anything you’d hear on a Twisted Sister album.

King Diamond, on the other hand, was the personification of Satanic metal in the 1980’s. As a card carrying member of the Church of Satan, Mercyful Fate would never been given a fair hearing anyway. Their lyrics were heavily influenced by horror films and the occult, as were Venom’s. Neither artist took the PMRC seriously in fact, they appreciated the publicity, and Venom jokingly said they weren’t looking hard enough if they thought that was the most offensive Venom song. In an interview with Sam Dunn for the 2012 documentary Metal Evolution: Extreme Metal, said [in reference to the list]: “That just sounds lazy to me. That sounds like nobody is listening to enough Venom to find the worst song.” In the end, a “Parental Advisory” sticker was agreed as the best course of action to take. However, while that is more than fair considering the lyrical content most of those songs isn’t appropriate for children, it does typify conservative attitudes held towards heavy metal at the time.

During the 80’s, MTV also fueled the moral furor by showing rock videos. In 1985, 20/20 aired a documentary called “Devil Worshippers”, which documented symbols associated with the occult. These included: the number 666, pentagrams, inverted crosses and all of the other images you’d expect from album covers of heavy metal bands since the genre’s inception. Of course, the theatrical nature of heavy metal videos at the time included this type of imagery Iron Maiden’s, for example, “Can I Play With Madness?” shows a schoolboy stumbling upon a cult cloaked in black hoods, which was reminiscent of the Hammer Horror films of the 60’s and 70’s. To go back earlier, Ozzy’s “Mr. Crowley” shook parents up with its themes of vampirism portrayed erotically. These were typical of metal bands with a penchant for macabre entertainment and rebellion – and that’s all it was.

The content of these videos was nothing you wouldn’t find in a horror or fantasy movie, but back then they came under the hammer of religious group and censors. In 1983, the channel was banned in 1500 homes in Emporia, Virginia after a successful petition. It didn’t take long for the PRMC to get involved either having successfully added sticker warnings to albums, music videos were their next target.

Backed by the Coalition on Television Violence, the PRMC campaigned for warnings to appear on screen when an inappropriate video appeared. MTV co-operated to avoid controversy, re-editing videos which included alcohol, drug use violence, sex and negative representation of certain societal groups. That said, they weren’t consistent with their agreement either, often showing videos which directly violated it. For example, the popularity of Michael Jackson’s “Thriller” was unavoidable, therefore it enjoyed constant airplay, much to the dismay of those who initiated the war on MTV. Eventually, the channel agreed to only play videos of this nature in late night slots this led to the creation of Headbanger’s Ball in 1988, which played heavy metal videos in all their glory.

Moral panic had reared its ugly head in a myriad of pop culture entertainment. In addition to heavy metal, the hysteria also surrounded RPG’s, video games, comic books, cartoons and, of course, cinema. This coincided with the fact that the horror film industry was enjoying a boom throughout this decade the advancement of practical effects meant that films could be gorier than ever, and new icons were born in the form of the slasher villain popularised through films like Friday the 13 th , A Nightmare on Elm Street og Halloween. Therefore, it was only natural that a genre such as horror would collide with the furor, but surprisingly, not as much in America as the UK where the cusp of the controversy surrounding scary films was at its apex. The ‘Video Nasty’ films saw a censorship crackdown on horror and exploitation films deemed too violent or ‘harmful.’ Newspapers, like The Daily Mail, were directly linking these movies to real life violence and crimes among the nation’s youth, as well as declaring them damaging to intellectual growth.

Satanic hysteria would influence a host of horror films Stateside, however. Movies like Rockateer Blood (1984), Hard Rock Zombies (1985), Slik eller ballade (1986), Rock ‘n’ Roll Nightmare (1987) og Black Roses (1988) were a reflection of the anxieties surrounding pop culture at the time. In these films, heavy metal was often portrayed as the root cause of evil and violence for example, in Black Roses, a small-town teacher must save teenage souls from a heavy-metal rocker and his demonic band. I Slik eller ballade, an alienated, bullied teenager discovers that he can communicate with a dead Satanic rock star when he plays his record backwards, and said rock star encourages vengeance against the bullies. These were the types of storylines which typified heavy metal horror films, which you could argue were merely trying to exploit the moral panic to boost ticket sales. That said, their tongue-in-cheek and camp factor also suggest that they were satirizing the outrage more than anything. One film that does poke fun at the hysteria which engulfed alternative pop culture during the 80’s is Lamberto Bava’s Dæmoner, an Italian horror comedy which takes the idea that horror movies were the locus of violence, throws in a soundtrack containing some of the bands who were directly linked with conservative fears, and unleashes a hyperactive, gore-drenched free for all. In my essay for Diabolique, I examine the satirical aspects of Dæmoner in greater detail. While not a ‘heavy metal horror film,’ Dæmoner certainly knows how to rock.

Of course, metal wasn’t all devil worship back then. In fact, the heyday of bands promoting the gospel of Christ in their music was at its most popular during the 80’s. While most of us metal purists would agree that Satan has always been the inspiration behind the best tunes when it comes to metal’s theological aspects, artists who promote Christian themes in their music have existed for as long as metal has been around. When bands like Judas Priest and Ozzy were selling out stadiums based on sinister reputations, bands like Stryper were also a genre staple, and their message was very much the antithesis of worshipping a cloven hoofed goat man with a pitchfork. Metal will always be associated as being in more in league with the Devil than Him upstairs, but even during a period when Satanic fear was at its most prominent in regards to heavy music, there were bands out there showing that you could still embrace the ethos of metal and Christianity.

As the Satanic panic epidemic cooled down heading into the 90’s, the stigma attached to metal and devil worship was still causing a stir. For example, Marilyn Manson was a parental and religious nightmare in general, but when the Columbine tragedy happened he was vilified and used as a scapegoat. Much like Judas Priest, Ozzy and others were back years before, he was directly blamed for inspiring the crimes committed by Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris as they were fans of his music. Of course, Manson’s Church of Satan membership didn’t do his wholesome image any favours either. Even going into the Millennium, bands like Slipknot were building their reputation by being just as immersed in controversy as they were for their musical output. But during the 1980’s moral panic was directly linked to Satan and a genuine cause of anxiety for many a religious leader and parent – and it permeated throughout pop culture as a whole. There will always be controversy associated with entertainment, but at least nowadays society is a bit more understanding for the most part excessive violence has become the lifeblood of some of television’s most popular contemporary programming, video games are becoming more gruesome as graphics evolve, and horror films have broken every taboo in the book to the point where every few bat an eyelid.

Scapegoating still follows metal around whenever it can – as it does other facets of pop culture – and it probably always will – but if Ozzy came along in 2016 dressed as a vampire singing about alchemists, most would brush it off merely as the daft fun it should have been in the first place. As science has advanced and we’ve gained a better understanding of mental health – with countless theories refuting entertainment as a direct cause of crime, violence, self-harm and lesser intelligence – it makes the Satanic panic epidemic seem quite ridiculous. But while we can sit back and laugh about Dee Snider defending metal in court nowadays, back then he was speaking to a panel who embodied a widespread mentality that actually existed – one which you could argue failed to comprehend logic. Sure, you could argue that society continues to baffle when it comes to logic in certain circumstances, but very rarely is the Devil blamed when it comes to contemporary outrage.


3 Bleeding walls


When 77-year old Minnie Winston stood up to get out of the bath on 8 September 1987, she noticed a pool of red liquid on the floor. She took a closer look and realized it was blood. When she looked around the bathroom, she saw blood pouring out of the walls and running over the floor into the adjacent hallway.

Frightened that something might have happened to her husband, she called out to him. When he showed up in the corridor, he showed no signs of bleeding. Terrified now, Minnie called the police. Officers scoured the couple&rsquos home but found nothing that could have produced that amount of blood. They took some of it to be tested and later concluded it was human Type O blood. Neither Minnie nor her husband had this blood type.

To date the cause of the &lsquobleeding walls&rsquo remains unknown.


References & Further Reading

Clancy, Susan. Abducted! Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005. location 113 - 300.

Cohen, Stanley. Folk Devils and Moral Panic. New York: Routledge, 1972. 1.

Grant, Tom. "Imagining Satan." The Local Planet. Archive.org, 13 Mar. 2003. Web. 10 Apr. 2015. <http://web.archive.org/web/20040606131250/http://www.thelocalplanet.com/Current_Issue/Cover_Story/Article.asp?ArticleID=3659>

Hicks, Robert. In Pursuit of Satan: The Police and the Occult. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus, 1991. 315 - 377.

Laycock, Joseph. Dangerous Games: What the Moral Panic over Role-playing Games Says about Play, Religion, and Imagined Worlds. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2015.

Loftus, Elizabeth. "Remembering Dangerously." CSI - The Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. CSI, 25 Mar. 1995. Web. 7 Apr. 2015. <http://www.csicop.org/si/show/remembering_dangerously/>

Nathan, Debbie, Snedeker, Michael. Satan's Silence. New York: Basic, 1995.

Poole, Scott. Satan in America : The Devil We Know. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2009. 169 - 174.

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Se videoen: The Truth Behind Modern Day Satanism (Juni 2022).