Historien

Halloween -slikets hjemsøgte historie


For de fleste amerikanske børn ville det ikke være Halloween uden trick-or-treat for slik; det var imidlertid ikke altid tilfældet. Da skikken med trick-or-treatment startede i 1930'erne og begyndelsen af ​​1940'erne, fik børn alt fra hjemmelavede småkager og stykker kage til frugt, nødder, mønter og legetøj. I 1950'erne begyndte slikproducenter at komme ind på handlingen og promovere deres produkter til Halloween, og efterhånden som trick-or-treatment blev mere populær, blev slik i stigende grad betragtet som et overkommeligt, bekvemt tilbud.

Det var dog først i 1970'erne, at indpakket, fabriksfremstillet slik blev betragtet som det eneste acceptable at dele ud til alle de små spøgelser og nisser, der dukkede op på folks dørtrin. En vigtig årsag til dette var sikkerhed, da forældre frygtede, at boogeymen i det virkelige liv kunne manipulere med godbidder, der ikke blev købt og forseglet i butikken.

LÆS MERE: Hvordan amerikanerne blev overbevist om, at deres Halloween -slik blev forgiftet

I dag, når det kommer til Halloween -slik, er en række af de mest populære mærker varige klassikere. For eksempel blev den første Hersheys mælkechokoladebar produceret i 1900, og Hershey's Kisses debuterede i 1907. Firmaets grundlægger Milton Hershey var en pioner inden for masseproduktion af mælkechokolade og vendte, hvad der tidligere havde været en luksusartikel til brønden. at gøre til noget overkommeligt for gennemsnitlige amerikanere. I begyndelsen af ​​1900'erne byggede han også en hel by, Hershey, Pennsylvania, omkring sin chokoladefabrik.

I 1917 flyttede Harry Burnett Reese til Hershey, hvor han blev ansat som mejerist for chokoladefirmaet og senere arbejdede på dets fabrik. Inspireret af Milton Hersheys succes begyndte Reese, der til sidst havde 16 børn, at lave slik i sin kælder. I midten af ​​1920'erne byggede han en egen fabrik og producerede et sortiment af slik, herunder jordnøddesmørkopper, som han opfandt i 1928 og lavede med Hersheys chokolade. Under anden verdenskrig fik mangel på ingredienser Reese til at trække stikket på sine andre slik og fokusere på sit mest populære produkt, jordnøddesmørkopper. I 1963 erhvervede Hershey H.B Reese Candy Company.

LÆS MERE: Hvordan Hersheys chokolade hjalp magtallierede tropper under anden verdenskrig

I 1923 lancerede en kæmpende, Minnesota-født slikmager, Frank Mars, Mælkevejen, som blev en bestseller. I 1930 introducerede han Snickers -baren, der angiveligt blev opkaldt efter sin yndlingshest, efterfulgt af 1932 af 3 Musketeers -bar. Franks søn Forrest sluttede sig til sidst til virksomheden, kun for at forlade efter et fald med sin far. Forrest Mars flyttede til England, hvor han skabte Mars -baren i begyndelsen af ​​1930'erne. I 1941 lancerede han M & Ms. Mars forventede, at Anden Verdenskrig ville producere en kakaomangel, så han indgik et partnerskab med Bruce Murrie, søn af en Hershey -direktør, for at få adgang til en tilstrækkelig forsyning af ingredienser; slikets navn står for Mars og Murrie.

En anden mængde-glædeligt Halloween-slik, Kit Kat-baren, blev først solgt i England i 1935 som en Rowntree’s Chocolate Crisp og i 1937 blev døbt Kit Kat Chocolate Crisp om. Navnet siges at være afledt af en London litterær og politisk gruppe, Kit-Cat (eller Kit Kat) klubben, der blev oprettet i slutningen af ​​1600-tallet. Gruppens moniker menes at være en forkortelse af navnet på manden, der ejede butikken, hvor gruppen oprindeligt samledes. Siden 1988 har mærket været ejet af Nestle, producent af en anden flerårig trick-or-treat-favorit, Nestle Crunch-baren, der debuterede i slutningen af ​​1930'erne.

Og selvfølgelig ville ingen Halloween være komplet uden candy corn, som blev opfundet i 1880'erne af George Renninger fra Wunderle Candy Company of Philadelphia. Andre virksomheder producerede deres egne versioner af tricolor -godbidden, ikke længere end Goelitz Confectionery Company (nu Jelly Belly Candy Co.), som har gjort det siden 1898.

LÆS MERE: Halloween: Oprindelse, traditioner og ritualer


Halloween -slikens hjemsøgte historie - HISTORIE

Sponsoreret af Appalachian GhostWalks I USA og Canada bringer hver oktober en lavine af udskårne græskar, dansende skeletter, smilende spøgelser og hekse, der kører på koste. Halloween skiller sig bestemt ud fra resten af ​​de helligdage, vi observerer hele året: Den er fuld af skræmmende spøgelseshistorier, sjov, udførlige kostumer og bizarre spil. På Halloween nyder vi alle at være bange.

Halloween skiller sig også ud på grund af sin unikke blanding af sekulære og religiøse elementer. I de senere år har ferien vækket mange kontroverser, fordi den krænker nogle kristne grupper, hvilket igen forstyrrer mange nutidige Wiccans og Druids. Hvis du nogensinde har spekuleret på, hvor alle disse særegne Halloween -øvelser kommer fra, eller du ikke kan finde ud af, hvorfor Halloween er et så varmt emne med mange mennesker, så vil denne artikel gøre dig klar til den næste 31. oktober. vil se på både den keltiske og kristne oprindelse til Halloween, undersøge alle de foretrukne Halloween -traditioner og sortere lidt ud af Halloween -kontroversen.

Næste gang du skærer et græskar eller deler slik ud til små Draculas og Darth Vaders, ved du faktisk, hvor disse metoder kommer fra.

Hvad betyder & quotHalloween & quot? Et indlysende spørgsmål om Halloween er: "Hvad betyder ordet i sig selv?" Navnet er faktisk en forkortet version af "Alle Hallows 'Even", før aftenen på All Hallows' Day. & quot; Hallow & quot; er et gammelt engelsk ord for & quotholy person, & quot; All Hallows 'Day er simpelthen et andet navn for Allehelgensdag, den dag katolikker mindes alle de hellige. På et tidspunkt begyndte folk at referere til All Hallows 'Even as & quotHallowe'en & quot og derefter simpelthen & quotHalloween. & Quot

Efter den jødiske tradition holder kristne mange hellige dage fra solnedgang på den ene dag til solnedgang den følgende dag. Det er her, vi får den praksis at fejre juleaften, nytårsaften osv. Den direkte forgænger for moderne Halloween er festligheden, der begyndte Allehelgensdag, som startede ved solnedgang den 31. oktober.

Mens det tager sit navn fra All Saints Day, er moderne Halloween faktisk en kombination af flere forskellige traditioner. Faktisk er mange af de ting, vi gør på Halloween, helt forud for kristendommen. I de følgende afsnit ser vi på de vigtigste traditioner, der føder sig ind i dagens Halloween og ser, hvordan de blev sammenfiltret på en ferie.

Samhain De fleste traditioner for Halloween går tilbage til Samhain (sow-en), det gamle keltiske nytår. Samhain, som oversættes til & quotend of summer, & quot opstod omkring slutningen af ​​oktober, da vejret begyndte at blive koldt. I hjertet var Samhain en overholdelse af alle de vigtige ting, der skete under dette årstidskifte.

Det keltiske folk, der kom sammen som et samfund omkring 800 f.Kr., beholdt får og kvæg. Når vejret blev koldere, bragte hyrderne deres dyr ned fra bakkerne til tættere græsgange. Dette skift ændrede dagligdagen markant. I vintermånederne blev alle indenfor eller tæt på hjemmet, arbejdede med håndværk og tilbragte tid sammen. Samhain markerede også årets sidste høst, en begivenhed mindes af festivaler i mange kulturer.

Keltisk tradition holdt det vendepunkter, tider hvor tingene ændrer sig fra en tilstand til en anden, havde magiske egenskaber. Samhain markerede årets største vendepunkt - en ændring i vejret samt et skift i alles liv. Kelterne troede, at denne magiske tid åbnede en slags forbindelse til de døde. De sjæle, der var passeret gennem ultimative vendepunkt, skiftet fra liv til død. De troede, at de levendes verden var tættest på de dødes verden på Samhains tid, og at de dødes ånder rejste igen blandt de levende. Mange af aktiviteterne på Samhain -festivalen var forbundet med denne overbevisning, og mange af disse metoder udviklede sig til moderne Halloween -traditioner.

Kelterne registrerede deres historie mundtligt - de skrev ikke noget ned, men videregav tro og historier fra person til person. Af denne grund er historikere ofte uenige om kelternes praksis og overbevisning. Så ingen er rigtig sikre på, hvordan Samhain -festivalen var, men der er en række konti, der giver interessante forklaringer på moderne Halloween -praksis, som vi vil se i senere afsnit.

Allehelgensdag Kristne har æret deres dydige døde fra religionens tidligste dage. I traditionel romersk katolicisme kan yderst dydige mænd og kvinder kanoniseres som helgener i efterlivet. Da de er udstyret med hellighed, er hellige tæt på Gud og kan udføre mirakler på jorden. Romersk katolikker og nogle andre kristne ærer hellige og beder dem om vejledning i det daglige liv. (Se Hvordan bliver nogen en helgen? For at lære mere om helgen.)

Katolikker mindes mange helgener på deres egen & quotsaints dag & quot ofte årsdagen for deres død. Men med tusinder af kanoniserede helgener genkendes kun en lille procentdel regelmæssigt. I det syvende århundrede etablerede pave Boniface IV officielt Allehelgensdag for at ære alle de hellige på én gang. Historien registrerer en så hellig dag før Boniface's tid, men den blev ikke observeret bredt.

Oprindeligt observerede kristne Allehelgensdag den 13. maj. Men i det ottende århundrede flyttede pave Gregor III den til 1. november. Officielt valgte Kirken denne nye dato for at markere den pavelige indvielse af en kirke, der hedrer de hellige. Men mange historikere mener, at Kirken virkelig flyttede overholdelsen til at korrespondere med Samhain og andre hedenske efterårsfester.

Den katolske kirke havde en mangeårig politik med at inkorporere ikke-kristne traditioner i sine helligdage for at bringe mennesker ind i den katolske tro. Dette omfattede flytning af datoerne for kristne helligdage til datoerne for etablerede ikke-kristne lejligheder. Mange historikere mener for eksempel, at kirken satte jul den 25. december, så den ville svare til hedenske vintersolhvervshøjtider.

Under alle omstændigheder, da Allehelgensdag flyttede til 1. november, begyndte kirken at indarbejde Samhain -traditioner i den hellige dags aktiviteter. Dette hjalp med at bringe efterkommere af de gamle keltere ind i kristendommen, men det gav nogle problemer for kirken. Mange af Samhain -traditionerne var centreret om den overnaturlige og åndeverden, ideer, der ikke har meget plads i kristendommen. At genkende helgener, der per definition var døde, dækkede meget af den samme grund, men de konvertitter var stadig fascineret af tanken om deres velkendte døde, der vendte tilbage til de levendes verden.

På trods af en vis uro i kirken vedblev mange overnaturlige ideer ved allehelgensdagens festligheder, hvilket gjorde lejligheden til en bemærkelsesværdig kombination af kristen og hedensk tro. I slutningen af ​​det 10. århundrede forsøgte kirken at give disse traditioner lidt mere retning ved at etablere Alle Sjæles Dag, en anledning til at genkende alle kristne døde. I det næste afsnit finder vi ud af, hvordan folk observerer denne ferie, og vi vil se, hvordan denne praksis relaterer sig til Halloween.

Alle Sjæles Dag All Souls 'Day, der blev observeret den 2. november, fejres med masser og festligheder til ære for de døde. De levende beder på vegne af kristne, der er i skærsilden, staten i det hinsidige, hvor sjæle bliver renset, før de går til himlen. Sjæle i skærsilden, der er medlemmer af kirken ligesom levende kristne, må lide, så de kan blive renset for deres synder. Gennem bøn og gode gerninger kan levende medlemmer af kirken hjælpe deres afdøde venner og familie.

Efter indførelsen satte denne ferie mange katolikkers interesse for døden og det overnaturlige til livs. Men den ukristelige idé om vandrende ånder vedvarede på nogle områder, ligesom Samhains feststemning. Da de var overbevist om, at de ikke helt kunne slippe af med de overnaturlige elementer i festlighederne, begyndte den katolske kirke at karakterisere ånderne som onde kræfter forbundet med djævelen. Det er her, vi får mange af de mere foruroligende Halloween -billeder, såsom onde hekse og dæmoner.

All Souls 'Day lever i dag, især i Mexico, hvor All Hallows' Eve, All Saints 'Day og All Souls' Day i fællesskab observeres som & quotLos Dias de los Muertos & quot (The Dead of the Dead). Først og fremmest er de dødes dage en tid, hvor familier med glæde husker den afdøde. Men det er også en tid præget af festligheder, herunder spektakulære parader af skeletter og ghouls. I en bemærkelsesværdig tradition leder festfolkene et spottet begravelsesoptog med en levende person inde i en kiste.

Denne maskerade er tæt forbundet med fejringen af ​​Halloween, ligesom andre elementer i All Souls 'Day. I det næste afsnit ser vi, hvordan et tidligt All Souls Day -ritual kan have ført til moderne slik eller ballade.

Slik eller ballade I middelalderen var en populær All Souls 'Day -praksis at lave & quotsoul -kager og citere enkle brøddesserter med en ribs -topping. I en skik, der hedder & quotsouling, gik børn fra dør til dør og tiggede om kagerne, ligesom moderne trick-or-behandlere. For hver kage, et barn samlede, skulle han eller hun bede for de døde slægtninge til den person, der gav kagen. Disse bønner ville hjælpe de pårørende med at finde vej ud af skærsilden og ind i himlen. Børnene sang endda en sjælskagesang i stil med den moderne & quotTrick-or-treat, trick-or-treat, giv mig noget godt at spise. & Quot En version af sangen gik:

En sjælskage!
En sjælskage!
Vær barmhjertig med alle kristne sjæle, for
En sjælskage!


Sød tand Trick-or-treaters rive ind en masse af slik hver 31. oktober. Faktisk er Halloween ifølge National Confectioners Association, at ferien er nummer et for sliksalg, der slår jul, påske og Valentinsdag ud. NCA forudsiger, at salget af Halloween slik vil nå 2 milliarder dollars i 2003 alene i USA! Typisk uddeler mere end 85 procent af amerikanske husstande slik Halloween -aften.

Der er også nogle tegn på aktiviteter, der er trick-or-treat i den oprindelige keltiske tradition. Historikere siger, at kelterne ville klæde sig i uhyggelige tøj og parade ud af byen for at føre de vandrende ånder væk. Derudover gik keltiske børn dør til dør for at samle brænde til et kæmpe fælles bål. Når bålet var brændt, slukkede festfolkene alle de andre brande i landsbyen. De ville derefter tænde hver brand med en flamme taget fra Samhain -bålet som et symbol på folkets forbindelse til hinanden.

Meget af Samhain -fejringen havde at gøre med at ære keltiske guder, og der er tegn på, at kelterne ville klæde sig som disse guder som en del af festivalen. De er måske faktisk gået dør til dør for at samle mad, som de kan tilbyde guderne. Det er ret klart, at Samhain involverede et tilbud om mad til spiritus. Der kan have været dyreofre, og nogle historikere siger, at kelterne endda ofrede mennesker, men beviserne er ikke afgørende.

Kelterne troede på feer og andre uheldige skabninger, og forestillingen om halloween -snyd kan være kommet fra deres rapporterede aktiviteter på Samhain. Der er også god grund til at formode, at det keltiske nytårsaften var noget i stil med vores eget nytårsaften - en tid, hvor folk slap deres hæmninger, drak kraftigt og fik problemer. Trickertraditionen kan ganske enkelt komme fra denne festlighedsånd.

I det næste afsnit ser vi på en anden populær Halloween -tradition med keltiske rødder - jack-o'-lantern.

Jack-o'-Lanterns Som en del af Samhain -fejringen ville keltere bringe en glød hjem fra det fælles bål i slutningen af ​​natten. De bar disse gløder i udhulede majroer og skabte en lanterne, der lignede den moderne jack-o'-lantern.

Amerikanerne viser deres Halloween -ånd ved at udskære skræmmende og fjollede ansigter i græskar. Men den direkte forgænger for jack-o'-lanterner stammer fra det 18. århundredes Irland, hvor gamle keltiske traditioner forblev en væsentlig del af den nationale kultur. En meget populær karakter i irske folkeeventyr var Nærig Jack, en uforskammelig elendighed, der ved flere lejligheder undgik fordømmelse ved at narre djævelen (ofte på All Hallows 'Eve). I en historie overbeviste han Satan om at kravle op i et træ for nogle æbler og derefter skære kryds rundt om stammen, så djævelen ikke kunne klatre ned. Djævelen lovede at forlade Jack alene for evigt, hvis han kun ville slippe ham ud af træet.

Da Jack til sidst døde, blev han vendt væk fra himlen på grund af sit syndeliv. Men i overensstemmelse med deres aftale ville Djævelen heller ikke tage Jack. Han blev forbandet at rejse for evigt som en ånd i limbo. Da Jack forlod helvedes porte, kastede Djævelen ham en varm glød for at oplyse vejen i mørket. Jack lagde gløden i en udhulet majro og vandrede ud i verden. Ifølge den irske legende kan du måske se Jacks ånd på All Hallows 'Eve, der stadig bærer sin kållanterne gennem mørket.

Traditionelle jack-o'-lanterner, udhulede majroer med gløder eller stearinlys indeni blev en meget populær Halloween-dekoration i Irland og Skotland for et par hundrede år siden. Folketraditionen mente, at de ville afværge Stingy Jack og andre ånder på Halloween, og de tjente også som repræsentationer af de dødes sjæle. Irske familier, der emigrerede til Amerika, bragte traditionen med sig, men de erstattede majroer med de mere rigelige græskar. Som det viser sig, var græskar lettere at skære end majroer. Folk begyndte at skære skræmmende ansigter og andre detaljerede designs i deres jack-o'-lanterner.

I det næste afsnit ser vi på en anden populær Halloween -madtradition: bobbing for æbler.

Frygtelig frugt Græskar, som faktisk er frugt, ikke grøntsager, varierer betydeligt i størrelse. Nogle sorter vejer mindre end et pund, mens kæmpe græskar kan vokse til mere end 1.000 pund! Græskar er medlemmer af græskarfamilien, som også omfatter vandmeloner og zucchini. De er 90 procent vand og indeholder også høje koncentrationer af kalium og vitamin A.

Græskar, der vokser fra vinstokke, stammer fra Mellemamerika og var en populær afgrøde blandt indianere. Nogle stammer brugte frøene til mad og medicin og lavede liggeunderlag af tørrede græskarstrimler. Amerikanske kolonister opfandt græskartærten, men deres originale version brugte græskarret som skorpe, ikke hovedingrediensen. De skar græskarplader af for at lave praktiske spiselige skåle, som de fyldte med mælk, honning og krydderier og derefter kogte over ild eller varm aske.

Bobbing for æbler All Hallows 'Eve har længe været en tid til at se ind i fremtiden, og traditionelle festligheder omfattede flere spådomsritualer. Disse stammer mest fra folketraditioner fra de britiske øer, og mange har deres rødder i de gamle Samhain -festligheder.

Mange ægteskabsspørgsmål havde at gøre med æbler. I keltisk tradition var frugten forbundet med kvindelige guder, der kontrollerede kærlighedens måder. Dette kan have noget at gøre med æblernes indre struktur. Når du skærer et æble i to, kan du se et pentagram form (en stjerne med fem punkter) på hver halvdel, omkring kernen. Pentagrammet var en vigtig form for de gamle keltikere og mange andre kulturer. Det var blandt andet et gudinde -symbol.

En af de mest populære spådomme var for unge ugifte at forsøge at bide i et æble, der flyder i vand eller hænger i en snor. Dette er noget som buketkast, der stadig spiller en rolle i bryllupsreceptioner - den første person, der bider i æblet, er den næste, der skal gifte sig.

I en anden tradition ville en ung kvinde tænde et lys og skrælle et æble foran et spejl. Mens hun skrællede æblet, ville hendes kommende mand angiveligt dukke op i stedet for hendes refleksion. At skrælle et æble var også en måde at forudsige din forventede levetid på. Hvis du kunne afskære en lang skræl, ville du leve i en høj alder. Hvis du kun skar et lille stykke skræl, ville du dø ung.

Æbler er stadig en stor del af Halloween -festlighederne. Udover æble-spoling drikker moderne Halloween-festfolk æblecider, laver slikæbler og uddeler æbler til trick-or-treaters.

I det næste afsnit ser vi på nogle af de andre moderne traditioner for Halloween, hvoraf de fleste udviklede sig i USA.

Amerikanske traditioner Siden 1800 -tallet, hvor irske og skotske immigranter bragte deres Halloween -festligheder til Nordamerika, har ferien udviklet sig betydeligt. Festens forbindelse med Allehelgensdag og Alle sjæles dag er for det meste faldet ved siden af, og en række nye sekulære traditioner har udviklet sig.

Halloween er en stor ting i USA, både for børn og voksne. Hvert år fylder amerikanske butikker deres hylder med en række uhyggelige kostumer.

For børn er udklædning og trick-or-behandling dør til dør stadig hovedbegivenheden. De fleste husstande i USA og Canada deltager, og dem, der ikke risikerer små hærværk. Mange voksne klæder sig selv ud, går ud med deres børn eller deltager i kostumefester og konkurrencer.

Andre Halloween -aktiviteter fylder hele oktober måned. Disse traditioner bevarer Samhains festlighedsånd i lyset af skræmmende tanker om døden og det overnaturlige. Amerikanerne har tilføjet skræmmende film, fællesskabsfulde huse, spøgelseshistorier og Ouija -tavler til fejringen. Lykønskningskort og festlige dekorationer er også en stor del af Halloween. Ferien er næst efter jul i den samlede omsætning dollar for detailhandlere.

En anden almindelig Halloween -skik er at indsamle penge til FN's Børnefond (UNICEF) i stedet for eller ud over slik. Dette startede i 1950 i Philadelphia, da en søndagsskoleklasse havde ideen om at indsamle penge til trængende børn, når de trickede eller behandlede. De sendte de penge, de tjente, cirka $ 17, til UNICEF, som var inspireret af ideen og startede et trick-or-treat-program i 1955. Interesserede kirker, skoler og forældre kan bestille specielle orange-og-sorte indsamlingsæsker sammen med materialer, der forklarer UNICEF -programmet. For at lære, hvordan du kan deltage, kan du besøge websiden Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF.

Halloween er fortsat ekstremt populært blandt børn i alle aldre 85 til 90 procent af amerikanske børn går trick-or-treat eller deltager i andre Halloween-festligheder hvert år, og mange voksne deltager også i det sjove. I en meningsmåling fra 2000 fandt National Retail Federation, at 65 procent af amerikanske voksne mellem 18 og 34 deltog i Halloween -kostumefester eller andre festligheder.

I USA halter Halloween lige bag nytårsaften og Super Bowl i det samlede antal fester, og det er kun andet efter jul i det samlede forbrug af dollars. Ifølge National Retail Federation brugte amerikanske forbrugere i gennemsnit 44 $ pr. Husstand i 2002 på Halloween slik, kostumer og dekorationer. Familier med små børn brugte i gennemsnit $ 62. Ferien i 2002 indbragte cirka 6,9 milliarder dollars i salg i USA.

Halloween kontrovers Selvom Halloween delvist kommer fra kristen tradition, ønsker mange kristne grupper intet at gøre med ferien på grund af dens hedenske elementer. Fremtrædende Halloween -figurer, såsom hekse og ghouls, bærer en ubehagelig satanisk konnotation for nogle kristne, og de ønsker ikke at udsætte deres børn for disse billeder. Nogle grupper forstyrres også af feriens oprindelse, da det er en udbredt opfattelse, at Samhain-festivalen var en fejring af en djævellignende dødsgud kaldet Samhain. De fleste beviser tyder på, at dette faktisk ikke er tilfældet - hoveddokumentationen for en sådan gud stammer fra materiale, der tilsyneladende er fremstillet af den katolske kirke for flere hundrede år siden, som et middel til at omdanne folk til at gå væk fra druidismen.

Kristne grupper forstyrres også af rygter om, at nutidige Wiccans og Druids iagttager Halloween som en anledning til at tilbede Satan eller andre onde kræfter. De etablerede organisationer i disse grupper afviser fuldstændig al viden om sådanne metoder, selvom de siger, at Halloween er en vigtig dag på året i deres religion. Hvert år er der nogle rapporter om sataniske ritualer og endda dyreofre, men de fleste af disse historier viser sig at være opspind. Faktiske ofre er individers og mindre ekstremistiske gruppers praksis, der opererer uden for enhver større organisation.

Mange Wiccans, moderne hekse, bliver sure over Halloween, fordi de føler, at de er forkert fremstillet af et par kristne talsmænd og nyhedsmedierne. De vil adskille deres religion fra den populære forestilling om hekse som onde figurer i liga med djævelen. Det siger de moderne hekseri er baseret på gamle Wiccan- og Druid-overbevisninger, der ikke havde noget at gøre med Satan eller andre figurer fra jødisk-kristen teologi. Wiccans siger, at deres religion er baseret på en forbindelse til naturen og universet, ikke til mørke kræfter og onde stave, som den populære idé om en heks antyder.

Mere generelt er Halloween kontroversielt, fordi nogle forældre synes, det er en upassende, muligvis farlig ferie for børn. I det moderne samfund er børn i en fysisk fare, når de går trick-or-treat, fordi de går rundt i kvarterer i mørket og tager imod slik fra fremmede. Det skræmmende billedsprog omkring Halloween er også en bekymring. Mange forældre frygter, at monstre og spøgelser er for forstyrrende for børn, og bemærker, at yngre trick-or-treaters har svært ved at skelne mellem fantasi og virkelighed og kan blive overvældet af mennesker i monsterkostumer. I de senere år har flere og flere forældre styret væk fra trick-or-treat og taget deres børn i skole eller kirke Halloween-fester i stedet.

Dette er et svært problem for forældre, fordi de ofte har meget gode minder om trick-or-behandling, da de var børn, men føler sig ikke trygge ved at tage deres egne børn ud. De siger, at Halloween var mindre skræmmende, da de var børn, fordi det mest handlede om at klæde sig ud i sjove kostumer, og børn blev ikke udsat for så meget foruroligende billeder i populærkulturen. Moderne gyserfilm er blevet et særligt ømt punkt for bekymrede forældre, da de normalt er ekstremt voldelige.

Andre bemærker, at mange aspekter af Halloween er vigtige for børn. Udklædning kan give et genert barn et boost af selvtillid, og trick-or-behandling kan skabe en sund følelse af fællesskab i et kvarter. Mest af alt ville voksne, der elsker Halloween, hade at se deres foretrukne traditioner udfaset, fordi de husker, hvor meget de nød dem, da de var børn. På dette tidspunkt ser Halloween ud til at være på vej mod nogle ændringer, men der er mange forskellige ideer om, hvad disse ændringer skal være.

Hvorfor elsker folk Halloween Så nu hvor vi ved, hvor de forskellige elementer i Halloween kommer fra, forbliver spørgsmålet: Hvorfor nyder vi en fejring af døden og overnaturlige kræfter?

To relaterede spørgsmål er:

Alle disse fornøjelser ser ud til at være universelle menneskelige træk, hvor dødsrelaterede festivaler og kostumeparader dukker op i mange kulturer. Som mennesker er vi akut bevidste om vores egen dødelighed og død generelt. Menneskelige kulturer er besat af døden, fordi vi ikke kan forstå den, men alligevel vækker den over alt, hvad vi gør. Det er et af de mest skræmmende mysterier, vi står over for i livet. En måde at føle sig mere tryg ved dette ukendte rige er at gøre lys af det med en festival. Dette bringer alle de skræmmende ideer ud i det fri, hvor vi kan se dem mere behageligt i øjnene og hygge os sammen med andre mennesker i stedet for at overveje dødelighed på egen hånd.

I de sidste 50 år er lykønskningskort blevet en vigtig del af fejringen af ​​Halloween. De første Halloween -kort blev solgt i begyndelsen af ​​1900 -tallet, og ideen har virkelig taget fat siden da. Med mere end 24 millioner Halloween-kort sendt hvert år, er ferien nu den ottende mest populære kortudsendelse i USA (ifølge Hallmark Cards).

Udover at arbejde igennem uro om døden og overnaturlige mysterier, føler folk sig gerne bange af rent biologiske årsager. Når du ser en skræmmende film eller tager en tur i en rutsjebane, udløser din hjerne en frygtreaktion. Din krop frigiver adrenalin og andre hormoner, der giver ekstra energi, håndterer situationen. Når du faktisk er i fare, nyder du selvfølgelig ikke følelsen af ​​disse hormoner, du bruger dem simpelthen til at kæmpe, flygte eller foretage andre handlinger. Når faren simuleres, ved dit sind dog, at du faktisk er sikker, og du nyder den energi, hormonerne giver dig. Bevidst, indeholdt frygt er sjovt, fordi det giver et hormonrus og hjælper dig med at håndtere din generelle frygt i et sikkert miljø.

Ved at klæde os ud som vores frygt, omfavner vi dem endnu tættere og tager kontrol over dem til en vis grad. Dette kan være særligt effektivt med børn. De frygter normalt ikke dødelighed lige så meget som de uhyggelige figurer som monstre og spøgelser. Når de har klædt sig ud som et monster og spillet den karakter, skærer de igennem noget af monsterets mysterium, hvilket gør det mindre ildevarslende.

Trick-or-behandling handler selvfølgelig ikke kun om at klæde sig ud som skræmmende figurer. Lige så ofte klæder børn sig i børnekostumer som deres foretrukne tegneseriefigur eller en voksenfigur som f.eks. En brandmand eller astronaut. Glæden ved dette er den simple glæde ved at spille skuespil-børn ser frem til Halloween, fordi de kommer til at bo i en karakter, uanset om det er en skræmmende figur eller en idoliseret superhelt. Voksne kan lide at klæde sig ud af lignende grunde, og det er derfor, maskeraden spiller en rolle på så mange festivaler fra forskellige kulturer. Ved at tage en maske på kan folk droppe deres hæmninger og træde uden for sig selv for en aften. Mennesker i kostumer siger og gør ofte ting, de sandsynligvis ikke ville sige eller gøre i deres hverdag. Det er meget tilfredsstillende at træde ind i en anden karakter et stykke tid, selv (eller især) for en voksen.

Halloween synes at tjene en værdifuld funktion for mange børn og voksne. Det er fortsat så populært, fordi det opfylder vores grundlæggende behov for at tage fat på de mysterier, der skræmmer os og endda fejre dem. Det er et reelt vidnesbyrd om kraften i Halloween -traditioner, at de er gået ned og omfavnet af så mange generationer.


Begyndelsen af ​​Halloween -slik - fra Samhain til Halloween

Halloween sporer sin begyndelse til en keltisk ferie kaldet Samhain. Kelterne, der boede i det, der nu er Storbritannien, Irland og Nordfrankrig, mente, at de døde vendte tilbage til jorden en nat om året - på Samhain.

Det var her ideen om kostumer under Halloween først begyndte. Folk ville klæde sig ud i masker og kostumer lavet af dyreskind - som man mente skulle drive spiritus væk.

I senere keltiske tider begyndte folk at klæde sig ud i mere komplekse kostumer som spøgelser eller ånder. They would put on performances for food and drink, a Middle Ages custom known as “mumming.”

After Christianity spread to Celtic lands, November 2 was designated “All Saints Day.” These celebrations resembled Samhain in many ways, and gradually replaced the holiday. And in Scotland and Ireland, young people began dressing up in costume (also known as “guising”) and going door to door, pledging to sing a song, perform a “trick”, or recite a poem – in exchange for a “treat”!


Usually, tt's the season for ghosts, witches, and goblins to take the streets as they ask for candy . scary movies are released in theaters . and pumpkins get carved into jack-o'-lanterns. Men . but in 2020, things are gonna be very different. However, that still hasn't stopped us to ask, "Why do we even celebrate Halloween in the first place?"

Now, don't get me wrong. I love Halloween. It's easily one of my favorite holidays, and I celebrate it every year—of course, with the exception being this year—but I quickly realized that I didn't really know very much about its history. So, I decided to take a deep dive into how Halloween came to be and how it has changed since it originated.

Oprindelse

Halloween is a holiday that dates back nearly 2,000 years to a Celtic festival called Samhain ("summer's end" in Gaelic) that celebrated the end of the harvest season or new year, which fell on November 1. On the night before the new year, on October 31, the Celtic people believed ghosts of the dead would return to Earth and interact with the living. Bonfires were lit in honor of those who had passed and costumes were worn to keep roaming spirits away from the living. What's disturbing is that the "costumes" were typically made of animal heads and skins. I mean, can you just imagine the smell?

By approximately 43 A.D., the Roman Empire was in control of a majority of the Celtic territory. Some scholars believe that during the 400 years the Roman Empire was in charge of the lands, Samhain got combined with two Roman festivals—Feralia and a day to honor the Roman goddess of the orchards and the harvest, Pomona. Feralia took place in late October when the Romans celebrated the passing of the dead. And I wouldn't be surprised if we got the Halloween tradition of bobbing for apples from Pomona. But there is very little evidence—other than the time of year when the festivals were held—to confirm it.

In the mid-8th century, All Saints Day (also known as All Hallows Day) was moved by Pope Gregory III from May 13 to November 1, the same day as Samhain. By the 9th century, the Christian influence had reached the Celtic lands, and in 1000 A.D., the church made November 2 All Souls' Day, a day to honor the dead. It is believed by many that the church was attempting to replace Samhain with a more church-sanctioned holiday (even though the traditions were basically the same). The day before All Hallows Day became known as All Hallows' Eve, which then turned into Halloween.

Journey to America

You're probably asking yourself, how did the holiday come to America? Well, American colonists were the ones to first bring Halloween to the United States. Since a majority of them were Puritans and from England, they brought with them the traditional Samhain celebration. All Hallows' Eve turned into "play parties," which were held to observe the harvest. In 1845, the Great Potato Famine struck and forced roughly one million people to emigrate from Ireland to the United States. Their history and traditions came with them, including Halloween. Borrowing from the Irish and English, Americans started to dress up in costumes and go asking for food or money, which became the "trick-or-treat" tradition we know today. During the late 1800s, Halloween became more about the community and parties rather than spirits and ghosts of the dead. Parties were held for all ages and were more likely to occur during the day than at night. The parties had games, food, and, of course, costumes. At this point, the darker, more frightening aspects and religious components of the holiday were gone. Today, many of those same traditions are very much alive. We still dress in costumes, have parties, and go trick-or-treating!

Other Fun Historical Tidbits

Witches and Brew

Where did our idea of a witch—the pointy hat and broomstick—come from? Beer, according to BrewHoppin. That's right, witches were based on brewers, or brewsters, of the 15th and 16th centuries. Brewsters were referred to as "alewives" and "beer witches."

Back in that time, "a Henin or a shortened, brimmed version" of the pointed hat was the height of fashion. Plus, it helped the brewsters stand out in crowds, which was great for selling their brews. The broom, on the other hand, was used to inform potential customers that a brewster's home or tavern was a place of domestic trade. Another symbol was a talisman that closely resembled the Star of David, and it was used to let folks know the purity of the beer. It's said that the six points on the star represented the important parts of brewing: hops, grain, malt, yeast, water, and the brewer. Read more about the witches and brew here, including how the Catholic church became involved and declared that "women were inclined toward evil witchcraft and devil-worship."

Jack-o'-Lanterns

Why do we hollow out pumpkins, carve faces and other images into them, and then illuminate them on our front porches for everyone to see? When looking at it from afar, it seems pretty, well, odd. But the myth behind jack-o'-lanterns is even stranger. According to legend, Stingy Jack invited the Devil to have a drink with him. But, as his name suggested, he was very stubborn and refused to pay for his drink. Jack convinced the Devil to turn himself into a coin so that he could buy the drinks. He kept the money instead, placing it into his pocket next to a silver cross, which prevented the Devil from changing back. Eventually, the Devil was set free under the condition that he'd leave Jack alone for a year and that, if Jack were to die, he would not claim his soul.

So, a year passed, and Jack tricked the Devil to climb into a tree to pick a piece of fruit, only to trap him up there by carving a cross into the tree's bark. The Devil would not be able to come down unless he promised not to bother Jack for 10 more years. A short while later, Jack died. Apparently, legend says that God did not allow such an "unsavory figure" into heaven. The Devil even refused to let Jack into hell after all of the tricks he played on him. Instead, The Devil sent Jack into the darkness of the night with only a burning coal for light. He put the coal into a carved-out turnip. The Irish refer to Jack as "Jack of the Lantern," which then turned into "Jack O'Lantern." In Ireland and Scotland, Jack-o'-lanterns are carved into turnips and potatoes and placed in windows or doorways to keep Stingy Jack away. In England, large beets are used, while in America, we use pumpkins.

Do you have any other historical facts about Halloween that we missed? Share them with us. Happy Halloween!


Usually, tt's the season for ghosts, witches, and goblins to take the streets as they ask for candy . scary movies are released in theaters . and pumpkins get carved into jack-o'-lanterns. Men . but in 2020, things are gonna be very different. However, that still hasn't stopped us to ask, "Why do we even celebrate Halloween in the first place?"

Now, don't get me wrong. I love Halloween. It's easily one of my favorite holidays, and I celebrate it every year—of course, with the exception being this year—but I quickly realized that I didn't really know very much about its history. So, I decided to take a deep dive into how Halloween came to be and how it has changed since it originated.

Oprindelse

Halloween is a holiday that dates back nearly 2,000 years to a Celtic festival called Samhain ("summer's end" in Gaelic) that celebrated the end of the harvest season or new year, which fell on November 1. On the night before the new year, on October 31, the Celtic people believed ghosts of the dead would return to Earth and interact with the living. Bonfires were lit in honor of those who had passed and costumes were worn to keep roaming spirits away from the living. What's disturbing is that the "costumes" were typically made of animal heads and skins. I mean, can you just imagine the smell?

By approximately 43 A.D., the Roman Empire was in control of a majority of the Celtic territory. Some scholars believe that during the 400 years the Roman Empire was in charge of the lands, Samhain got combined with two Roman festivals—Feralia and a day to honor the Roman goddess of the orchards and the harvest, Pomona. Feralia took place in late October when the Romans celebrated the passing of the dead. And I wouldn't be surprised if we got the Halloween tradition of bobbing for apples from Pomona. But there is very little evidence—other than the time of year when the festivals were held—to confirm it.

In the mid-8th century, All Saints Day (also known as All Hallows Day) was moved by Pope Gregory III from May 13 to November 1, the same day as Samhain. By the 9th century, the Christian influence had reached the Celtic lands, and in 1000 A.D., the church made November 2 All Souls' Day, a day to honor the dead. It is believed by many that the church was attempting to replace Samhain with a more church-sanctioned holiday (even though the traditions were basically the same). The day before All Hallows Day became known as All Hallows' Eve, which then turned into Halloween.

Journey to America

You're probably asking yourself, how did the holiday come to America? Well, American colonists were the ones to first bring Halloween to the United States. Since a majority of them were Puritans and from England, they brought with them the traditional Samhain celebration. All Hallows' Eve turned into "play parties," which were held to observe the harvest. In 1845, the Great Potato Famine struck and forced roughly one million people to emigrate from Ireland to the United States. Their history and traditions came with them, including Halloween. Borrowing from the Irish and English, Americans started to dress up in costumes and go asking for food or money, which became the "trick-or-treat" tradition we know today. During the late 1800s, Halloween became more about the community and parties rather than spirits and ghosts of the dead. Parties were held for all ages and were more likely to occur during the day than at night. The parties had games, food, and, of course, costumes. At this point, the darker, more frightening aspects and religious components of the holiday were gone. Today, many of those same traditions are very much alive. We still dress in costumes, have parties, and go trick-or-treating!

Other Fun Historical Tidbits

Witches and Brew

Where did our idea of a witch—the pointy hat and broomstick—come from? Beer, according to BrewHoppin. That's right, witches were based on brewers, or brewsters, of the 15th and 16th centuries. Brewsters were referred to as "alewives" and "beer witches."

Back in that time, "a Henin or a shortened, brimmed version" of the pointed hat was the height of fashion. Plus, it helped the brewsters stand out in crowds, which was great for selling their brews. The broom, on the other hand, was used to inform potential customers that a brewster's home or tavern was a place of domestic trade. Another symbol was a talisman that closely resembled the Star of David, and it was used to let folks know the purity of the beer. It's said that the six points on the star represented the important parts of brewing: hops, grain, malt, yeast, water, and the brewer. Read more about the witches and brew here, including how the Catholic church became involved and declared that "women were inclined toward evil witchcraft and devil-worship."

Jack-o'-Lanterns

Why do we hollow out pumpkins, carve faces and other images into them, and then illuminate them on our front porches for everyone to see? When looking at it from afar, it seems pretty, well, odd. But the myth behind jack-o'-lanterns is even stranger. According to legend, Stingy Jack invited the Devil to have a drink with him. But, as his name suggested, he was very stubborn and refused to pay for his drink. Jack convinced the Devil to turn himself into a coin so that he could buy the drinks. He kept the money instead, placing it into his pocket next to a silver cross, which prevented the Devil from changing back. Eventually, the Devil was set free under the condition that he'd leave Jack alone for a year and that, if Jack were to die, he would not claim his soul.

So, a year passed, and Jack tricked the Devil to climb into a tree to pick a piece of fruit, only to trap him up there by carving a cross into the tree's bark. The Devil would not be able to come down unless he promised not to bother Jack for 10 more years. A short while later, Jack died. Apparently, legend says that God did not allow such an "unsavory figure" into heaven. The Devil even refused to let Jack into hell after all of the tricks he played on him. Instead, The Devil sent Jack into the darkness of the night with only a burning coal for light. He put the coal into a carved-out turnip. The Irish refer to Jack as "Jack of the Lantern," which then turned into "Jack O'Lantern." In Ireland and Scotland, Jack-o'-lanterns are carved into turnips and potatoes and placed in windows or doorways to keep Stingy Jack away. In England, large beets are used, while in America, we use pumpkins.

Do you have any other historical facts about Halloween that we missed? Share them with us. Happy Halloween!


Haunted History of Halloween

What are we celebrating when we carve out Jack-o-Lanterns and encourage our youth to go out in costumes and ask for candy from strangers? This documentary shows us the ghoulish past and transformation of one of our oldest holidays still celebrated.

Originating back in Ireland thousands of years ago during Celtic times. The origins of Halloween are very spiritual and are connected to harvest times, Druid priests and the supernatural and the dead coming to life.

The Celts offered blood sacrifices to appease the gods and animals were thrown onto huge bonfires and used remains to develop prophesies. There is still the fear of the unknown and this documentary seeks to give some insight into the origins and history.

Ancient Romans had a role in shaping the Halloween we have come to know…honouring the dead and the harvest.

Christianity changed things somewhat and Pagans and Christianity come into conflict with the Christians attacking the Pagan traditions. Guy Fawkes night celebrates the attack by the catholic rebel upon the protestant parliament. The origins of traditional Halloween and even witch craft etc are explored and eventually all the evil deeds are replaced by fun event with children taking over the festivities from adults. The prominence of Irish immigrants brought Halloween more to America. The USA has completely adapted what was such a pagan festival and now has Halloween Parades which were introduced to attemt to thwart the mischief and vandalism which started to develop. Detroit in the 1970s seen a shocking series of events when hundreds of buildings were set alight on “Devils Night” and the population became increasing fearful of each other rather than the traditional outline based upon the pagan rituals.

America spends a huge fortune on Halloween making it the second largest commercial event in the calendar…adults have now again become engaged in the festivities and it remains to be seen what shape Halloween will develop into in the future.


Trick-or-Treat Alternatives, Haunted Places, and Unique Candy Shops in Virginia

Halloween may not look the same this year, but that doesn’t mean you have to miss out on the fun. Virginia offers plenty of trick-or-treat alternatives, novelty candy shops, wide open corn mazes and pumpkin patches, ghost tours, and other spooky attractions across the state.

Corn Mazes and Pumpkin Patches

  • Located in Central Virginia, Liberty Mills Farm offers a 34 acre corn maze, the largest east of the Mississippi River, separated into four trails for all ages. There is also a pick-your-own pumpkin patch, hay wagon ride, farmers market and more. is a brand new five-acre corn maze and fall festival coming to Lovingston in Nelson County. , located in Keezletown, offers a pumpkin patch, a sunflower field, and a corn maze along with breathtaking views of the Shenandoah Valley.
  • For those looking for a more terrifying experience, RED VEIN Haunted House in Ashland offers a truly scary corn maze and haunted attraction.

Family Fun Events

    is a glass blowing class at the Chrysler Museum of Art’s Perry Glass Studio in Norfolk where guests can create their own blown glass pumpkin.
  • Yorktown will host a virtual trick-or-treat map for the kids during its Paws at the River Market on Oct. 31. Children will be able to follow the map to find candy at several area businesses. Don’t miss the Halloween Pet Parade! is a Halloween-themed museum night October 23-24 for young children and families featuring trick-or-treating, grisly games, ghostly tales, haunted houses and spooky ships. is extending its downtown trick-or-treat to be a full day event, which means Main Street will not be shut down and the crowd can be well dispersed over the course of the day. in Leesburg will be hosting virtual experiences including live-streaming celebrity events, online Shocktober Haunt Classes, a “Why We Shock” fundraising campaign, F.E.A.R. Card, and more.

Candy Road Trip

Novelty and vintage candies, oversized old school favorites, and decadent chocolates are just a few sugar-filled treats available at Virginia’s candy stores and chocolate shops. Plan a trick-or-treating road trip and fill your car with goodies while supporting local businesses.

Haunted Virginia and Ghost Tours

The spirits come to life in Virginia as Halloween draws near, with ghost tours, genuine haunted homes, and plenty of spooky special events to scare even the bravest visitors. For more haunted places and ghost tours, click here.

  • Det Battleship Wisconsin, located in downtown Norfolk, has been recently named one of the Top 7 Most Haunted Military Ships in the Navy and is open for tours. Staff members say the ship is haunted and many have had their own experiences aboard, oftentimes refusing to walk the maze of the decks alone or at night.
  • Venture along the haunted streets of Yorktown with Yorktown Ghost Walks, where spirits of the past still cry out from the blood-stained soil. Tours are conducted by real paranormal investigators from Virginia Paranormal Investigations. are guided, seasonal walking ghost tours of Downtown Ashland, featuring researched history and ghost stories as related by business owners and residents of this historic town.
  • Det Exchange Hotel and Civil War Museum in Gordonsville, named one of the most haunted historic locations in Virginia, will now be hosting night tours. Visitors will be taken on a guided tour through the museum and hopefully hear from their resident spirits as they talk about the history of the Exchange Hotel.

For more Halloween sites and activities in Virginia, visit virginia.org/halloween.

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Yahoo News Explains: The haunted history of Halloween

Halloween has been around for quite some time, but it hasn’t always been the candy and costume-filled holiday it is today.

2,000 years ago, Celts marked the end of summer and the beginning of winter by celebrating Samhain on Oct. 31, and even wore costumes. Because winter brought a lot of death, many believed ghosts returned to Earth on this day and the divide between worlds of the living and the dead was blurred.

The second night of the festival was known as All Hallows’ Eve , which was later shortened to Halloween. When Europeans immigrated to America, they brought their spooky and mischievous traditions with them.

One of the big things that stuck in the U.S. was pranks .

Kids would plant rope for people to trip over in the dark , and even coated chapel seats with molasses in 1887. To stop the destructive pranks, after World War II, the Senate Judiciary Committee recommended the holiday’s name be changed from Halloween to “Youth Honor Day.”

While the name didn’t stick, the idea of giving kids treats to discourage pranks did — but no one would get candy unless they asked politely. Thus the phrase “ trick or treat ” was born.

A 1952 Donald Duck cartoon about Halloween reached millions of homes and perpetuated that idea. Food companies took notice of the growing market and quickly jumped into the candy business.

By 1965, Halloween candy and costume profits had already hit $300 million.

Today, a quarter of all candy sold annually in America is purchased for Halloween, and sales are projected to reach $9 billion.

But if you’d rather celebrate the holiday as it was originally created, Samhain festivals are still held today.

Wherever and however you mark the day, Halloween is a historical holiday that’s not leaving this earthly realm anytime soon.


Halloween: A Haunted History

It’s that time of year again when the little ghosts and goblins are running house to house trick-or-treating. Neighborhoods decorate their homes with Halloween lights, spider webs, witches, ghosts and pumpkins. The traditions of American Halloween date back to the 1900s. Halloween was commercialized in the 1950s and continues to be widely celebrated by children and adults.

Origins of Halloween

Halloween is celebrated annually on October 31 st each year. Halloween originated from an ancient Celtic festival of Samhain. People lit bonfires and donned costumes to keep ghosts at bay. They would also give the spirits “treats” to appease them. The Celts celebrated their new year November 1 st . Halloween marks the end of their summer and beginning of cold winter– a time associated with death. The Celtics believed this night before their new year blurred the worlds of the living and the dead. October 31 st was believed to be a night of ghosts of the dead returning to the earth.

By the middle of the 19 th century, Americans began celebrating Halloween as it slowly emerged through colonial New England. The Colonial Halloween celebrations in America consisted of parties of neighbors sharing ghost stories, telling fortunes, singing and dancing.

Trick-Or-Treating

During the Irish Potato Famine, Irish immigrants fled to America, helping popularize the Halloween celebrations with their traditions. With the combined English and Irish traditions, people began dressing in costumes and going door to door to ask for money or food. Therefore, this tradition is known as “trick-or-treating.”

Slik

By the turn of the century, American Halloween parties for adults and children became very common. Halloween parties center around playing games, festive food and unique costumes. Communities began celebrating Halloween annually with big celebrations and parades. In the 1950s, the trick-or-treating practice became even bigger. It was a way for the entire community to partake in the Halloween celebrations because it was fairly inexpensive. Did you know Halloween is the country’s second largest commercial holiday? A quarter of all the candy sold in America is because of Halloween. Holiday spending on candy, decorations and costumes in America expects to hit a record high of a little over $9 billion.

Kostumer

Dressing in costumes came from the Europeans and Celtic traditions. In the winter time, food was often hard to find and for people afraid of the dark, short winter days caused worry and fear. People believed that ghosts came back to haunt people on Halloween, so people would not leave their homes. Since people did not want to be recognized by the ghosts, some would wear masks when they did leave their homes so ghosts would think they were fellow spirits. Since then, costumes are a large part of the Halloween tradition. Children dress up as their favorite cartoon characters, superheroes, animals, occupations and as far as their imagination stretches.

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Carving pumpkins into jack-o-lanterns is another great past-time of Halloween for adults and children alike. People carve out their pumpkins and light with a small candle to cast a grimacing shadow face or even a fun design celebrating Halloween. The pumpkins celebrate the memory of lost souls. Originally, the Irish used turnips as the first pumpkins. When they emigrated over to America, turnips were difficult to come by because of the famine years 1845-1850. Pumpkins grew in abundance and resembled a large round fruit. Therefore, pumpkins replaced the turnip and are still used today as Halloween tradition.

Families enjoy attending local pumpkin patches together to scour the fields for the perfect Halloween pumpkin. Popular pumpkin patches in our area include the Dunnellon Picking Patch, recognized as Better Homes and Gardens and Readers Digest 2018 “Best Pumpkin Patch in Florida.” Find more great Halloween events and festivals in our area by checking out local calendars

Halloween Tips

Now that you know a little bit of the Halloween history, make sure to stock up on sweet treats for your costumed visitors. Some homeowners decorate their home in traditional Halloween décor, carve pumpkins and hang ghosts from trees. Others opt for a scarier approach by creating spooky haunted houses, hooking up scary sound machines or flashy lights. No matter what you decide to do, be sure to keep your walkways clear of anything guests may trip on. Make sure to brightly light your home. Also, be sure to restrain your pets so they do not bolt out your front door when handing out candy or bite your trick-or-treaters. Whatever you decide to do for Halloween, be sure to have fun with the decorations, stock up on candy and enjoy this annual holiday.

There is something for everyone when you are at your leisure in Citrus County Florida. So if you are looking for an idyllic setting to call home, contact one of our friendly professionals at Coldwell Banker Next Generation Realty of Citrus.


While you’re out chasing ghosts, be sure to make a pit stop at Rita’s for some live music, tacos, and probably the best costume watching anywhere in Charleston. No hauntings to be had, but Forty Mile Detour will be jamming on the patio, margaritas will be had, and good times are sure to ensue.

Another spooky and fun option for Halloween night is to hike the Morris Island Lighthouse Trail. The trailhead starts at the end of the cul-de-sac on E. Ashley Ave. Catch the sunset, then break out your headlamps and explore the trails in between Folly’s marsh and the Atlantic Ocean. If you're lucky, you may get a chance to meet ole' Blackbeard himself. It's well known that Blackbeard frequented Charleston and routinely took advantage of ships heading towards Charleston harbor. The old salt had a cozy pirate abode on Folly Beach, and many of his comrades were hung from the live oaks that line the battery. It's said that his ghost can be seen at the pirate house downtown, on Folly Beach, Morris Island, as well as the battery. It's not too hard to imagine Blackbeard's spectre making the rounds to all of his old stomping grounds.


The Haunted History of Halloween

Haunted houses, pumpkin patches, trick or treating, and apple bobbing, these are all things that come with the favorited holiday called Halloween. There’s no denying that on the 1st of October people are googling ideas for Halloween costumes or outside for hours decorating their house for the spooky season. There are all of these traditions, and stereotypes of what Halloween is. But where did these traditions come from? What inspired the holiday of Halloween?

2000 years ago a group of people called Celts lived in what is now modern day Ireland, the United Kingdom, and Northern France. The Celts celebrated the New Year on November 1st rather than the January 1st . The month of November represented the end of summer and the beginning of a long and cold winter which was associated with death.

Samhain was a festival celebrated on October 31st. It was believed that this date was the night the boundary wall between the living and the dead weakened and allowed spirits to return to Earth. The visitation of these spirits had it’s pros and it’s cons to the community as the Celts believed the spirits allowed Druids (priests) to predict the future, but they also damaged the crops.

The celebration consisted of huge bonfires for sacrifices of animals and crops to the deities. The heads and skins of animals were worn as costumes. At the end of the celebration the hearth fires were re-lit from the sacred bonfire for protection from the coming cold.

The celebration of Samhain became known as All-Hallows Eve (and eventually Halloween) in the 9th century when All Saints Day and All Souls day, which were celebrated November 1st and 2nd, became important to the church. These two celebrations were very similar to Samhain with bonfires and costumes.

The Roman Empire had conquered the Celtic territory by 43 B.C. and while the celebration of Samhain had continued, the Roman culture made a few renovations. The Romans added two factors to the festival so it would be considered a Roman celebration and not a Celtic holiday. The Feralia was for honoring the dead and their lives, and they also honored the Roman goddess of fruit and trees, Pomona. Perhaps Pomona’s celebration inspired the tradition of apple bobbing.

Diversity of Halloween

In the beginning of the New World Halloween was mainly popular in southern colonies and Maryland because of the Protestant beliefs in the New England colonies. Upon all of the different beliefs from the colonies merging together, the customs created the ‘American Halloween.’ These mixed customs created the traditions of parties, where people would tell stories of the dead, share fortunes, and dance and sing. The tradition of trick or treating came from the English and Irish custom when people would dress up and go door to door asking for food and money. Maybe instead of candy it should be money that people put outside their homes in bowls.

Today there are many more traditions for Halloween than just parties, bonfires, and trick or treating. Now there’s pumpkin patches and pumpkin carving, trick or treating, costume contests, and haunted houses. And don’t forget about the pumpkin spice lattes. While there are differences between Halloween now and when it was Samhain one thing is for sure the same: the celebration of Halloween is enjoyable for everyone!

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